Join for FREE
It only takes a minute!
Zeiss - Always on the lookout for something special – Shop now

Welcome to BirdForum.
BirdForum is the net's largest birding community, dedicated to wild birds and birding, and is absolutely FREE! You are most welcome to register for an account, which allows you to take part in lively discussions in the forum, post your pictures in the gallery and more.

Personal tools
Main Categories

Olive-backed Sunbird

From Opus

(Redirected from Cinnyris jugularis)
Male, Subspecies ornatusPhoto © by remoIn an orchid garden in Singapore, July2004
Male, Subspecies ornatus
Photo © by remo
In an orchid garden in Singapore, July2004

Alternative name: Yellow-bellied Sunbird

Cinnyris jugularis

Nectarinia jugularis


[edit] Identification

Female, subspecies jugularis Photo © by Bobby6425Nug-as, Alcoy, Cebu, Philippines, November 2008
Female, subspecies jugularis
Photo © by Bobby6425
Nug-as, Alcoy, Cebu, Philippines, November 2008

10–11·4 cm (4-4½ in)

  • Bright yellow underparts
  • Dull brown back
  • Metallic blue-black forehead, throat and upper breast

[edit] Distribution

Asia and Australasia,
From south-eastern China, south through south-east Asia (excluding north-eastern Burma), Andaman and Nicobar Islands to Sumatra, including surrounding islands, Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Islands, Sulawesi, Philippines & south Moluccas, New Guinea, West Papuan Island, Bismarck Archipelago, Solomon Islands, and north-eastern Australia and eastern Queensland.

[edit] Taxonomy

JuvenilePhoto © by ammadouxBali, Indonesia, June 2018
Photo © by ammadoux
Bali, Indonesia, June 2018

This is one of the many Sunbirds that have recently been moved to the genus Cinnyris from the genus Nectarinia.

[edit] Subspecies

There are 21 subspecies[1]:

  • C. j. andamanicus: Andaman Islands (Bay of Bengal)
  • C. j. klossi (blanfordi): Northern Nicobar Islands (Bay of Bengal)
  • C. j. proselius: Car Nicobar Island (Bay of Bengal)
  • C. j. flammaxillaris: Burma to Thailand, Cambodia and northern Malay Peninsula (south to Penang)
  • C. j. ornatus: Southern Malay Peninsula to Sumatra, Borneo, Java, Lesser Sundas and adjacemt islands
  • C. j. rhizophorae: Southern China (southern Yunnan, Guangxi, Guangdong, Hainan) and northern Vietnam
  • C. j. polyclystus: Enggano Island (off western Sumatra)
  • C. j. obscurior: Northern Philippines (montane forests of northern Luzon)
  • C. j. jugularis: Southern Luzon, central and southern Philippine Islands
  • C. j. aurora: Agutaya, Balabac, Busuanga, Cagayancillo, Culion, Cuyo, Palawan
  • C. j. woodi: Sulu Archipelago (southern Philippines)
  • C. j. plateni: Sulawesi, Talaud, Salayar and adjacent smaller islands
  • C. j. infrenatus: Tukangbesi Island (off Sulawesi)
  • C. j. robustirostris: Banggai Island and Sula Island
  • C. j. frenatus: Northern Moluccas, Aru and western Papuan Islands, New Guinea and north-eastern Queensland
  • C. j. teysmanni: Tanahjampea, Kalao, Bonerate, Kalaotoa and Madu islands
  • C. j. buruensis: Buru Island (southern Moluccas)
  • C. j. clementiae: Southern Moluccas (Seram, Ambon and adjacent islands)
  • C. j. keiensis: Kai Island (Kai Kecil, Kai Besar, Ohimas and Add)
  • C. j. idenburgi: North-western New Guinea and Sepik Ramu
  • C. j. flavigastra: Bismarck Archipelago and Solomon Islands

[edit] Habitat

Forest edge, second growth, towns, mangroves, farmlands. Lowlands to 1700m.

[edit] Gallery

Click on photo for larger image

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

Their main diet consists of small insects, spiders, nectar and fruit.

They feed singly, in pairs and in small groups.

[edit] Breeding

Both adults build the flask-shaped nest, with an overhanging porch at the entrance, and a trail of hanging material at the bottom end. The 1-2 greenish-blue eggs are incubated for a week. Both parents care for the young which fledge after a further two weeks.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from
  2. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved July 2016)
  3. BF Member observations

[edit] External Links


Fatbirder's Top 1000 Birding Websites

Help support BirdForum

Page generated in 0.48155808 seconds with 8 queries
All times are GMT. The time now is 08:56.