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Rufous Treecreeper - BirdForum Opus

(Redirected from Climacteris rufa)
Photo © by peterday
Gawler Ranges, South Australia May 2021

Alternative name: Allied Rufous Treecreeper

Climacteris rufus


16.5 - 18cm.

  • Rich cinnamon-rufous supercilium, cheek, ear-coverts, chin and throat
  • Thin dark grey-brown eyestripe
  • Light brownish-grey forehead, crown, hindneck and neck side, merging into darker olive-brown on mantle, back and upperwing-coverts
  • Rufous suffusion on rump and uppertail-coverts
  • Olive-brown tail with broad blackish subterminal band
  • Dull black flight-feathers with broad pale rufous-buff diagonal band across base
  • Cinnamon-rufous underparts with grey wash across breast and indistinct streaking

Female similar with reddish-chestnut (not black) edged streaks on upper breast.


From southwestern Western Australia inland through Great Victoria Desert to northern Eyre Peninsula, South Australia.
Locally fairly common to common.


This is a monotypic species.
Forms a superspecies with Brown Treecreeper and Black-tailed Treecreeper.


Eucalypt forest. Jarrah fores and Malle in the southwest of Western Australia and north of the Nullarbor Plain into the Eyre Peninsula of South Australia.



Feeds on insects, mainly ants. Takes occasionally skinks, seeds and nectar.
Forages on tree trunks and branches and among litter and logs on the ground.


Breeding season late August to early January, often two broods per season.
Breeds co-operatively with up to six helpers. The nest is a cup-shaped structure built with bark strips, dry grass and lined with feathers, fur, wool and sometimes rabbit or kangaroo dung. It's placed in a hollow branch, trunk or stump. Lays 1 to 3 eggs.


A sedentary species.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, B.L. Sullivan, C. L. Wood, and D. Roberson. 2013. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.8., with updates to August 2013. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Del Hoyo, J, A Elliott, and D Christie, eds. 2007. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 12: Picathartes to Tits and Chickadees. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8496553422

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