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Barred Buttonquail - BirdForum Opus

(Redirected from Common Bustard-Quail)
Subspecies T. s. fasciatus, female
Photo © by Romy Ocon
Masinloc, Zambales, Philippines, July 2005
Turnix suscitator

Identification

Subspecies T. s. taigoor, male
Photo © by Alok Tewari
Dist. Gurgaon, Haryana, India, December-2017

13·5–17·5 (5¼-7 in)

  • Boldly patterned head
  • Barred underparts
  • Greyish legs and feet, yellowish in some subspecies
  • Females are brighter and larger than males. They have a black throat and in some subspecies a rufous collar

Variation

The different subspecies vary in size and in patterns and coloration of plumage; especially the ones in the Lesser Sundas seem different from those in the Greater Sundas.

Distribution

Asia: China, Tibet, Nepal, Pakistan, India, Eastern and Western Himalayas, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Japan, Taiwan
Southeast Asia: Indochina, Burma, Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia, Thailand, Malaysia, Malay Peninsula, Singapore, Philippines, Borneo, Indonesia, Greater Sundas, Sumatra, Java, Sulawesi, Lesser Sundas, Bali

Taxonomy

Subspecies

Subspecies T. s. taigoor, female showing black on throat and breast
Photo © by Alok Tewari
Dist. Gurgaon, Haryana, India, 23 August 2016

There are 17 subspecies[1]:

  • T. s. taigoor - India
  • T. s. leggei - Sri Lanka
  • T. s. plumbipes - Nepal, Sikkim and Bangladesh to northern Burma
  • T. s. bengalensis - North-eastern India (lower western Bengal)
  • T. s. okinavensis - Southern Kyushu Island and Makenoshima Island south to Ryukyu Islands
  • T. s. rostratus - Taiwan
  • T. s. blakistoni - Burma to southern China, northern Indochina and Hainan Island
  • T. s. pallescens - South-central Burma
  • T. s. thai - Central Thailand
  • T. s. atrogularis - Thai-Malay Peninsula
  • T. s. suscitator - Sumatra, Belitung Island and Bangka Island to Java and Bali
  • T. s. baweanus - Bawean Island (off Java)
  • T. s. fasciatus - Northern Philippines (Luzon to Mindoro, Sibuyan and Masbate)
  • T. s. haynaldi - South-western Philippines (Palawan and Calamian Islands)
  • T. s. nigrescens - Philippines (Negros, Cebu and Panay)
  • T. s. rufilatus - Sulawesi
  • T. s. powelli - "Powell's Buttonquail"; Lesser Sundas

Three additional subspecies: kuiperi, machetes and baweanus are generally considered invalid.[2]

Habitat

Grasslands and scrub. Cultivated areas with crops and sugar cane.

Subspecies T. s.atrogularis, male
Photo © by SeeToh
Pulau Punggol Barat, Singapore, July 2016

Behaviour

Diet

The diet consists of grass and weed seeds, green shoots and invertebrates.

Breeding

The female builds a grass-lined ground nest, in scrub jungle or crops.

The male incubates the 3 or 4, greyish-white eggs, which are heavily speckled with reddish-brown or blackish-purple, and cares for the young. The female may have several different mates during the season.

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Birdforum thread discussing the id of this species
  3. Avibase
  4. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved May 2017)
  5. Wikipedia

Recommended Citation

External Links


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