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Alternative name: Eurasian Chiffchaff
Includes: Siberian Chiffchaff
10-12 cm (4-4Â¾ in)
 Confusion Species
Six subspecies are recognized:
Tristis is sometimes accepted as full species, called Siberian Chiffchaff.
Open woodlands, tall trees are required for singing in the breeding season. Low shrubs, brambles etc for nesting.
Flicks tail, downwards (this habit is not seen in Willow Warbler).
The female builds a domed nest with a side entrance, made from dead leaves and grass. Two to seven cream eggs with reddish-purple or blackish spots, are laid and incubated by the female for 13â€“14 days; the female cares for the young for about two weeks until they fledge.
The diet includes insects.
Song: the most reliable way to distinguish from Willow Warbler. It sings its name chiff chaff, chiff chaff, though sometimes mixes up to chiff chiff, chaff, chaff.
Listen in an external program
Listen in an external program It sounds at first like a tristis but is much too downslurred and not flat enough.
Recording by Andrew Whitehouse
Nigg Bay, Aberdeen, Scotland, November 2016
More information about this recording can be found in this post
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