• BirdForum is the net's largest birding community, dedicated to wild birds and birding, and is absolutely FREE!

    You are most welcome to register for an account, which allows you to take part in lively discussions in the forum, post your pictures in the gallery and more.

Common Crane - BirdForum Opus

Adult
Photo © by Stephen Fletcher
Extremadura, Spain, January 24, 2009
Grus grus

Identification

95–120 cm (37-47 in)

  • Grey
  • White facial streak
  • Black wing plumes
  • Red crown patch

Juvenile: lacks the red crown patch

Distribution

Juvenile
Photo © by scottishdude
Laguna De Gallocanta, Spain, 15 November 2010

Breeds northern Eurasia; winters to north Africa, south India and southeast Asia.

Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species[1].
The proposed smaller subspecies G. g. lilfordi ranging into East Asia is now generally regarded as undiagnosable. They do not differ genetically and the supposed color differences are thought to be due to differences in feather-painting behavior. Although now considered to be monotypic, a new race, G. g. archibaldi was described from the Transcaucasian region by Ilyashenko (2008). It is characterized by the absence of bare red skin on its hind-crown. Its validity has been provisionally accepted by Archibald et. al (2019).

Habitat

A variety of shallow wetlands, including borders of flood forests.

Behaviour

Diet

The diet includes leaves, roots, berries, insects, small birds and mammals.

Breeding

Adults in flight
Photo © by J. H. Johns
Southern Spain, November 2008

The nest is a mound of vegetative material.

They perform a spectacular dance.

Vocalisation

Call: krro and karr
<flashmp3>Grus grus (song).mp3</flashmp3>
Listen in an external program
<flashmp3>common_crane_alok.mp3</flashmp3>
Listen in an external program
Recording by Alok Tewari
Porbandar, Coastal Gujarat, India, Dec.-2010
Calls given in flight by a group of ten individuals before alighting in a nearby field.

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Archibald, G.W., Meine, C.D., Garcia, E.F.J. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Common Crane (Grus grus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/53560 on 26 April 2019).
  3. Wikipedia contributors. (2019, April 25). Common crane. In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 07:52, May 7, 2019, from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Common_crane&oldid=894074169
  4. Mullarney, K., L. Svensson, D. Zetterstrom, and P. Grant (1999). Collins Bird Guide. Collins. ISBN 0-00-219728-6.
  5. Ilyashenko V.Y. 2008. The new form of crane from Trans-Caucasus. – Russian Ornithological Journal, 17, express issue 412: 559?562 .

Recommended Citation

External Links


Top