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Common Pheasant

From Opus

Alternative name: Ring-necked Pheasant

MalePhoto by MarmotApril 2002
Photo by Marmot
April 2002
Phasianus colchicus


[edit] Identification

50-90 cm

  • The long tail, often accounting for half the total length


  • Barred bright brown plumage with green, purple and white markings
  • White ring around the neck
  • Green head with red patches
Female Photo by postcardcv
Photo by postcardcv

Female - duller mottled brown plumage

[edit] Distribution

Asia. Introduced elsewhere.

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

There are 31 subspecies[1]:

  • P. c. septentrionalis: Northern Caucasus
  • P. c. colchicus: Eastern Georgia to northeastern Azerbaijan, southern Armenia and northwestern Iran
  • P. c. talischensis: South-eastern Transcaucasia
  • P. c. persicus: South-western Transcaspia
  • P. c. bergii: Islands in Aral Sea
  • P. c. turcestanicus: Kazakstan (Valley of River Syrdar'ya)
  • P. c. mongolicus: North-eastern Russian Turkestan
  • P. c. principalis: Southern Russian Turkestan and northern Afghanistan
  • P. c. chrysomelas: Turkestan (upper River Amudar'ya)
  • P. c. zerafschanicus: Southern Uzbekistan (Bukhara and Zerafshan Valley)
  • P. c. zarudnyi: Turkestan (valleys of central Amudar'ya)
  • P. c. bianchii: Turkestan (Amudar'ya delta)
  • P. c. shawii: Chinese Turkestan
Photo by tracker Lancashire, February 2008
Photo by tracker
Lancashire, February 2008
  • P. c. tarimensis: East-central Chinese Turkestan
  • P. c. hagenbecki: North-western Mongolia
  • P. c. edzinensis: South-central Mongolia
  • P. c. satscheuensis: North-central China (extreme western Gansu)
  • P. c. vlangalii: North-central China (northern Qinghai)
  • P. c. alaschanicus: North-central China (foothills of Alaschan Mountains)
  • P. c. sohokhotensis: North-central China (Sohokhoto Oasis and Qilian Shan)
  • P. c. pallasi: South-eastern Siberia and north-eastern China
  • P. c. karpowi: North-eastern China (southern Manchuria and northern Liaoning) to Korea
  • P. c. kiangsuensis: North-eastern China (northern Shanxi and Shaanxi) to south-eastern Mongolia
  • P. c. strauchi: Central China (southern Shaanxi and southern Gansu)
  • P. c. suehschanensis: West-central China (north-western Sichuan)
  • P. c. elegans: West-central China (western Sichuan)
  • P. c. decollatus: Central China (Sichuan to Liaoning, north-eastern Yunnan and Guizhou)
  • P. c. torquatus: Eastern China (Shandong) to Vietnam border
  • P. c. rothschildi: South-western China (eastern Yunnan) and northern Vietnam
  • P. c. takatsukasae: Southern China and northern Vietnam
  • P. c. formosanus: Taiwan

Pheasants representing a mixture of P. c. colchicus, P. c. torquatus, and other subspecies now are widely introduced around the world, including across Europe, on New Zealand, the Hawaiian Islands, and North America

Green Pheasant from Japan is sometimes included in this species.

[edit] Habitat

Woodland and scrub.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

Ground feeders. The diet includes grain, leaves and invertebrates.

[edit] Breeding

They roost in trees. They nest on the ground; about 10 eggs are laid over a period of 14-21 days in April-June. The eggs are incubated for 23-26 days.

[edit] Vocalisation

Listen in an external program

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2014. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.9., with updates to August 2014. Downloaded from
  2. New World Encyclopaedia
  3. Animal Pictures Archive

[edit] External Links


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