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Common Pheasant

From Opus

Alternative name: Ring-necked Pheasant

MalePhoto © by MarmotApril 2002
Male
Photo © by Marmot
April 2002
Phasianus colchicus

Contents

[edit] Identification

Female Photo © by postcardcv
Female
Photo © by postcardcv

Male 75–89 cm (29½-35 in); female 53–62 cm (20¾-24½ in)

  • The long tail, often accounting for half the total length

Male

  • Barred bright brown plumage with green, purple and white markings
  • White ring around the neck
  • Green head with red patches

Female - duller mottled brown plumage

[edit] Distribution

Native to many areas of Asia. Introduced to USA, Canada, Hawaii, Europe, Bahamas, Morocco, Cuba, Australia, and New Zealand.

[edit] Taxonomy

Green Pheasant from Japan is sometimes included in this species.

[edit] Subspecies

JuvenilesPhoto © by G6 UXURSPB Leighton Moss, Lancashire, August 2018
Juveniles
Photo © by G6 UXU
RSPB Leighton Moss, Lancashire, August 2018
Photo © by tracker Lancashire, February 2008
Photo © by tracker
Lancashire, February 2008

There are 31 subspecies[1]:

  • P. c. septentrionalis: Northern Caucasus
  • P. c. colchicus: Eastern Georgia to northeastern Azerbaijan, southern Armenia and northwestern Iran
  • P. c. talischensis: South-eastern Transcaucasia
  • P. c. persicus: South-western Transcaspia
  • P. c. bergii: Islands in Aral Sea
  • P. c. turcestanicus: Kazakstan (Valley of River Syrdar'ya)
  • P. c. mongolicus: North-eastern Russian Turkestan
  • P. c. principalis: Southern Russian Turkestan and northern Afghanistan
  • P. c. chrysomelas: Turkestan (upper River Amudar'ya)
  • P. c. zerafschanicus: Southern Uzbekistan (Bukhara and Zerafshan Valley)
  • P. c. zarudnyi: Turkestan (valleys of central Amudar'ya)
  • P. c. bianchii: Turkestan (Amudar'ya delta)
  • P. c. shawii: Chinese Turkestan
  • P. c. tarimensis: East-central Chinese Turkestan
  • P. c. hagenbecki: North-western Mongolia
  • P. c. edzinensis: South-central Mongolia
  • P. c. satscheuensis: North-central China (extreme western Gansu)
  • P. c. vlangalii: North-central China (northern Qinghai)
  • P. c. alaschanicus: North-central China (foothills of Alaschan Mountains)
  • P. c. sohokhotensis: North-central China (Sohokhoto Oasis and Qilian Shan)
  • P. c. pallasi: South-eastern Siberia and north-eastern China
  • P. c. karpowi: North-eastern China (southern Manchuria and northern Liaoning) to Korea
  • P. c. kiangsuensis: North-eastern China (northern Shanxi and Shaanxi) to south-eastern Mongolia
  • P. c. strauchi: Central China (southern Shaanxi and southern Gansu)
  • P. c. suehschanensis: West-central China (north-western Sichuan)
  • P. c. elegans: West-central China (western Sichuan)
  • P. c. decollatus: Central China (Sichuan to Liaoning, north-eastern Yunnan and Guizhou)
  • P. c. torquatus: Eastern China (Shandong) to Vietnam border
  • P. c. rothschildi: South-western China (eastern Yunnan) and northern Vietnam
  • P. c. takatsukasae: Southern China and northern Vietnam
  • P. c. formosanus: Taiwan

Pheasants representing a mixture of P. c. colchicus, P. c. torquatus, and other subspecies now are widely introduced around the world, including across Europe, on New Zealand, the Hawaiian Islands, and North America

[edit] Habitat

Woodland and scrub.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

Ground feeders. The diet includes grain, leaves and invertebrates.

[edit] Breeding

They roost in trees. They nest on the ground; about 10 eggs are laid over a period of 14-21 days in April-June. The eggs are incubated for 23-26 days.

[edit] Vocalisation


Listen in an external program

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. New World Encyclopaedia
  3. Animal Pictures Archive

[edit] Recommended Citation

[edit] External Links


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