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Common Quail - BirdForum Opus

Nominate subspecies - male
Photo © by birdimage
Uden, Netherlands, June 2008
Coturnix coturnix

Includes: Azores Common Quail, Cape Verde Common Quail, Abyssinian Quail, African Quail


16–20 cm (6¼-7¾ in)

  • Buffish brown with darker brown and white streaks on upperparts.
  • Cream supercilium
  • Long wings
Nominate subspecies - female
Photo © by Alok Tewari
Gurgaon Rural, Haryana, India, February-2018

Male has a black chin


Widespread Palearctic region; eastern and southern Africa.


Subspecies C. c. africana - female aka African Quail
Photo © by Alan Manson
Cedara,, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, September 2008

Clements treats this species as monotypic[1].
Other authorities recognize five (or more) subspecies:

Mainly africana is split as African Quail by some authorities.





The diet includes insects and seeds.


The clutch of 6-18 eggs are laid in a ground nest, and incubated for 16-18 days.


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  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Collins Field Guide 5th Edition ISBN 0 00 219900 9

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