Join for FREE
It only takes a minute!
Zeiss - Always on the lookout for something special – Shop now

Welcome to BirdForum.
BirdForum is the net's largest birding community, dedicated to wild birds and birding, and is absolutely FREE! You are most welcome to register for an account, which allows you to take part in lively discussions in the forum, post your pictures in the gallery and more.

Personal tools
Main Categories

Common Waxbill

From Opus

Photo by Mybs Knysna, South Africa, September 2005
Photo by Mybs
Knysna, South Africa, September 2005
Estrilda astrild

Contents

[edit] Identification

9·5–13 cm (3¾-5 in)

  • Greyish-brown body with dark brown bars
  • Red eyestripe
  • White cheeks and throat
  • Red stripe along centre of belly
  • Brown rump
  • Dark tail
  • Bright red bill
JuvenilePhoto by MybsKnysna, South Africa, November 2005
Juvenile
Photo by Mybs
Knysna, South Africa, November 2005

Female: similar, paler, less red on belly
Juvenile: little or no red on belly, fainter barring, black bill

[edit] Distribution

Most of sub-Saharan Africa
Western Africa: Guinea, Mali, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Nigeria, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Democratic Republic of Congo and Angola
Eastern Africa: South Sudan, Ethiopia, Somalia, Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Tanzania, Mafia Island, Zambia, Mozambique and Malawi
Southern Africa: Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, South Africa, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho and Swaziland
African Islands: Gulf of Guinea Islands, Bioko (Fernando Po)

Introduced to Ascension Island, South America, Spain, and Hawaii.

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

Estrilda astrild has 15 subspecies:1:

In addition four other subspecies, ngamiensis, schoutedeni, sousae and nyansae, are not generally recognised2.

[edit] Habitat

Long grass, scrub and reeds, often near water.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Breeding

The ball shaped nest is built in a cavity from grass; there is a downward-pointing entrance tube on one side. The 4-7 white eggs hatch after 11-13 days and are incubated and cared for by both adults until they fledge 17-21 days later.

[edit] Diet

The diet includes grass seeds and some insects.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved September 2016)
  4. Wikipedia

[edit] External Links


Advertisement


Fatbirder's Top 1000 Birding Websites

Help support BirdForum

Page generated in 0.20057702 seconds with 8 queries
All times are GMT. The time now is 02:15.