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Common Waxbill

From Opus

Photo by Mybs Knysna, South Africa, September 2005
Photo by Mybs
Knysna, South Africa, September 2005
Estrilda astrild


[edit] Identification

9·5–13 cm (3¾-5 in)

  • Greyish-brown body with dark brown bars
  • Red eyestripe
  • White cheeks and throat
  • Red stripe along centre of belly
  • Brown rump
  • Dark tail
  • Bright red bill
JuvenilePhoto by MybsKnysna, South Africa, November 2005
Photo by Mybs
Knysna, South Africa, November 2005

Female: similar, paler, less red on belly
Juvenile: little or no red on belly, fainter barring, black bill

[edit] Distribution

Most of sub-Saharan Africa
Western Africa: Guinea, Mali, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Nigeria, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Democratic Republic of Congo and Angola
Eastern Africa: South Sudan, Ethiopia, Somalia, Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Tanzania, Mafia Island, Zambia, Mozambique and Malawi
Southern Africa: Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, South Africa, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho and Swaziland
African Islands: Gulf of Guinea Islands, Bioko (Fernando Po)

Introduced to Ascension Island, South America, Spain, and Hawaii.

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

Estrilda astrild has 15 subspecies:1:

In addition four other subspecies, ngamiensis, schoutedeni, sousae and nyansae, are not generally recognised2.

[edit] Habitat

Long grass, scrub and reeds, often near water.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Breeding

The ball shaped nest is built in a cavity from grass; there is a downward-pointing entrance tube on one side. The 4-7 white eggs hatch after 11-13 days and are incubated and cared for by both adults until they fledge 17-21 days later.

[edit] Diet

The diet includes grass seeds and some insects.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from
  2. Avibase
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved September 2016)
  4. Wikipedia

[edit] External Links


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