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Common Woodshrike - BirdForum Opus

Photo by Dr.Divyang Dave
Gujarat India, September 2016
Tephrodornis pondicerianus

Identification

14·5–18 cm (5¾-7 in)

  • Brownish-grey upperparts and wings
  • White underparts
  • Dark brown patch behind eye
  • White supercilium
  • Greyish-brown lores
  • Dark brown tail
  • Yellowish-brown iris
  • Grey legs and bill

Distribution

Photo by Alok Tewari
Bhindawas BS, Distt. Jhajjhar, Haryana, IndiaFebruary 2011

Pakistan to south-east Asia

Taxonomy

Sri Lanka Woodshrike T. p. affinis has been split from this species.[1][2]

Subspecies

Three subspecies are recognized:[1]

  • T. p. pallidus
  • T. p. pondicerianus
  • T. p. orientis

Habitat

Open and dry deciduoous forests, secondary growth, bamboo, woodland, hedgerows, gardens and groves.

Behaviour

Arboreal.

Diet

They feed on insects, particularly beetles, spiders and some fruit.

Breeding

The nest, constructed by both adults, is cup shaped and made from moss, lichen, roots, grass and bark, bound with spider's webs and lined with hair and wool. The clutch consists of 2-3 cream, yellow or reddish brown spotted eggs.

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2016. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2016, with updates to August 2016. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Gill, F and D Donsker (Eds). 2010. IOC World Bird Names (version 2.7). Available at http://www.worldbirdnames.org/.
  3. Whistler, H. 1949. Popular Handbook of Indian Birds.
  4. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved October 2016)

Recommended Citation

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