- Amazilia tobaci
9â€“11 cm (3Â½-4.1/3 in)
Upperside is green with variable amounts of copper, strongest on the rump, but sometimes covering all the way to the crown. Wings and tail has a purple-blue sheen; tail is slightly forked. Underside is generally green, blending in to either coppery-cinnamon-rufous or bluish black undertail coverts (variation is geopgraphic and correlates with different subspecies). Mandible can have some flesh colour, but tip is always black.
Photo © by Luis R
Amaranta Casa de Colibries, Los Teques, Estado Miranda, Venezuela, 13 June 2009
Trinidad, Tobago and Venezuela.
There are 7 subspecies:
- Arid littoral of north-eastern Venezuela and Isla Margarita
- Coastal ranges and arid littoral of northern Venezuela
- Eastern and south-eastern Venezuela (Orinoco Valley to the tepuis)
Rain and cloud forests, second growth, etc. but also gardens and savannas with scattered trees up to 1600 to 1800 metres above sea level.
Their diet consists mostly of nectar gleaned from a wide variety of plants. In addition they glean insects from vegetation or hawking over fallen fruit.
They construct a small cup nest, which is placed in the fork of a small tree or bush. The clutch contains 2 white eggs which are incubated by the female for 16-19 days; the young fledging about 19-23 days later. There may be 2-3 broods per season.
- Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
- Weller, A.A., P. F. D. Boesman, and G. M. Kirwan (2020). Copper-rumped Hummingbird (Amazilia tobaci), version 1.0. In Birds of the World (J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, J. Sargatal, D. A. Christie, and E. de Juana, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.corhum1.01
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