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A small (14cm, 5.5in) flycatcher of typical appearance; back brownish-olive, yellowish-olive underparts, two strong buff-colored wing bars, crest, and white-eye-ring, slightly extended behind the eye.
 Similar Species
Breeding: in Canada found Alberta and probably British Columbia; through intermountain west of the USA, most commonly in Idaho, Wyoming, Utah, Colorado, Arizona, and New Mexico, and in a more spotted distribution in Washington, Nevada and California; in Mexico in highlands down to the Isthmus (but not in Baja California).
Leaves Canada, the USA and the northern part of its Mexican range in winter, and in that period is found down to the Pacific Coast.
There are 2 subspecies:
Shaded forests, often along streams; especially in Mexico prefers high elevation habitat for breeding.
Perches on a branch, sallying forth repeatedly to catch flying insects.
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