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Crested Shrike-tit

From Opus

Photo by rebelxtAdelaide, Australia, November 2005
Photo by rebelxt
Adelaide, Australia, November 2005

Alternative name: Eastern Shrike-tit

Falcunculus frontatus

Includes Northern Shrike-tit and Western Shrike-tit

Contents

[edit] Identification

Female, nominate subspeciesPhoto by Hans&Judy BesteToowoomba Shire, Queensland, April 2018
Female, nominate subspecies
Photo by Hans&Judy Beste
Toowoomba Shire, Queensland, April 2018

16–19 cm (6¼-7½ in)

  • Dull green back and wings
  • Yellow belly
  • Boldly marked black and white head
  • Small black crest.
  • Bill is unusually deep, strong and hooked

Females are similar to males but have a dark olive-green throat.

[edit] Variations

Leucogaster has a white belly.
Whitei is smaller and paler.

[edit] Distribution

Australia.
Leucogaster is currently in decline due to loss of habitat and is considered vulnerable. The nominate form is of least concern.

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

Northern Shrike-tit (whitei)Photo by tcollinsKatherine Region, Northern Territory, Australia, October 2007
Northern Shrike-tit (whitei)
Photo by tcollins
Katherine Region, Northern Territory, Australia, October 2007

Clements accepts three subspecies[1]:

  • F. f. frontatus (Eastern Shrike-tit):
  • F. f. leucogaster (Western Shrike-tit):
  • F. f. whitei (Northern Shrike-tit);

Some authorities (Howard & Moore) merit full species status to all three forms. However neither Clements nor Sibley & Monroe have accepted this split and the Opus awaits further clarification.

[edit] Habitat

Eucalypt forests and woodlands. Also in riparian vegetation.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

Feeds mainly on insects, takes also spiders, fruit seeds and arils. Forages in trees, taking prey from barks or foliage.

[edit] Breeding

Western Shrike-tit (leucogaster)Photo by aladyfortyTorbay, Western Australia, July 2006
Western Shrike-tit (leucogaster)
Photo by aladyforty
Torbay, Western Australia, July 2006

Breeding season from August to January, usually double-brooded. The nest is a deep cup, made by the female with bark strips and dry grass. It's placed 6 - 15m high in a tree fork. Lays 2 - 3 eggs.
Nests parasitized by Pallid Cuckoo, Brush Cuckoo and Fan-tailed Cuckoo.

Resident with some local movements.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Del Hoyo, J, A Elliott, and D Christie, eds. 2007. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 12: Picathartes to Tits and Chickadees. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8496553422

[edit] External Links

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