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Crowned Hornbill - BirdForum Opus

Photo © by safariranger
South Luangwa National Park, Zambia
Lophoceros alboterminatus

Identification

50-54 cm.

  • Black back
  • Black wings
  • White belly
  • White tipped, long tail feathers
  • Yellow iris
  • Red bill
  • Casque on the upper mandible (females have smaller casque)

Distribution

Sub-Saharan Africa east of 10°E.

Female
Photo © by rudydbn
Pennington, KwaZulu-Natal, August 2004

Western Africa: Equatorial Guinea, Democratic Republic of Congo and Angola
Eastern Africa: Sudan, Ethiopia, Somalia, Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Tanzania, Zanzibar, Zambia, Mozambique and Malawi
Southern Africa: Namibia, Zimbabwe, South Africa, KwaZulu-Natal and Swaziland

Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species[1].

Three subspecies alboterminatus, geloensis and suahelicus are not generally recognised[2].
Formerly placed in the genus Tockus.

Habitat

Inland, coastal, highland and riverine evergreen forests; coastal dunes and mixed grassland forest areas.

Behaviour

Diet

The diet includes aerially hawked insects, small rodents, frogs, seeds and fruits.

Breeding

The 4-5 white eggs are incubated for 25-30 days; the young fledge about 8 weeks later.

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2015. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2015, with updates to August 2015. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. BF Member observations
  4. Wikipedia

Recommended Citation

External Links

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