- Pelecanus crispus
Length 160-180 cm (63-70¾ in), wingspan 310-345 cm, weight 10-13 kg
- Grey white plumage.
- Curly nape feathers.
- Wings with dark brown primaries and secondaries, and dusky wing coverts, giving diffuse pattern above; mainly white to pale grey below with just primaries and secondaries diffusely dark-tipped.
- Yellow to purple bare skin around eyes.
- Orange-red gular pouch when breeding starts; becomes yellow later.
- Dark grey legs.
Great White Pelican has a sharply defined black-and-white wing pattern; juveniles and immatures less distinct, but with more black on underwing.
Breeds southern Europe and central Asia, in Albania, Bulgaria, Romania and Greece east through Turkey and Kazakhstan to Xinjiang in China; winters south to Iran and India. Formerly much more widespread, including northwest to the Somerset Levels in Somerset, England, where it became extinct probably during Roman or mediaeval times due to hunting and persecution by fishing interests.
Shallow lakes, coastal lagoons, river deltas and swamps.
It is a colonial breeder, nesting on mud islets or piles of vegetation in reedbeds.
The diet consists almost entirely of fish, particularly, carp, perch and rudd.
Calls: Hissing and grunting.
- Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
- Del Hoyo, J, A Elliot, and J Sargatal, eds. 1992. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8487334108
- BirdLife International
- BirdForum Opus contributors. (2021) Dalmatian Pelican. In: BirdForum, the forum for wild birds and birding. Retrieved 27 January 2021 from https://www.birdforum.net/wiki/Dalmatian_Pelican