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Dark-breasted Spinetail

From Opus

Nominate subspeciesPhoto © by Anselmo d AffonsecaManacapuru, Amazonas, Brazil, 12 December 2012
Nominate subspecies
Photo © by Anselmo d Affonseca
Manacapuru, Amazonas, Brazil, 12 December 2012
Synallaxis albigularis

Contents

[edit] Identification

15–16 cm (6-6ΒΌ in)
Adult

  • Chestnut crown and wing patch
  • Dark gray body
  • White chin
  • Black patch on throat
  • Long spiky tail

Juvenile buffy brown lacking rufous patches.

[edit] Similar Species

Undescribed subspeciesPhoto © by Joseph MorlanRio Ucayali, Supay Creek, Loreto, Peru, 13 June 2013
Undescribed subspecies
Photo © by Joseph Morlan
Rio Ucayali, Supay Creek, Loreto, Peru, 13 June 2013

Differs from Cabanis's Spinetail and Dusky Spinetail by brighter rufous crown, gray forecrown, olive-brown (not chestnut) tail, smaller rufous wing patch, and paler gray breast. Also compare Azara's Spinetail in the highlands. Juvenile may also be confused with Plain-crowned Spinetail.

[edit] Distribution

South America: found in Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Brazil.

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

There are 2 subspecies currently recognized[1]

  • S. a. rodolphei:
  • S. a. albigularis:
  • South-eastern Colombia to eastern Ecuador, eastern Peru and western Amazonian Brazil

Larger birds with much darker underparts in the Huallaga and Ucayali basins of Peru may be an undescribed subspecies[2]

[edit] Habitat

Scrubby areas on river islands.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

Their diet consists mostly of arthropods which are gleaned from leaves and slender branches; also from the ground.

[edit] Breeding

Nest a mass of sticks with a long, tubular entrance.

[edit] Vocalisation

Song is a series of descending musical notes, sometimes ending in a descending trill. Sometimes answered with a rising series. Call is a harsh djurt.

[edit] Movements

Resident.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Remsen, J.V., Jr (2019). Dark-breasted Spinetail (Synallaxis albigularis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/56435 on 21 July 2019).
  4. Dark-breasted Spinetail (Synallaxis albigularis), In Neotropical Birds Online (T. S. Schulenberg, Editor). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. retrieved from Neotropical Birds Online: https://neotropical.birds.cornell.edu/Species-Account/nb/species/dabspi1
  5. Schulenberg, T. S. & Stotz, D. F. & Lane, D. F. & O'Neill, J. P. & Parker III, T. A. & Egg, A. B. (2010). Birds of Peru: Revised and Updated Edition. Princeton: Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-0691130231

[edit] External Links

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