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Wilson's Bird-of-Paradise - BirdForum Opus

(Redirected from Diphyllodes respublica)

Alternative names: Waigeo Bird-of-Paradise; Bare-headed Little King Bird-of-Paradise

Male
Photo by Dubi
West Papua, Waigeo Island, Indonesia, July 2009
Diphyllodes respublica

Cicinnurus respublica

Identification

16cm (male 21cm with central tail feathers). A very distinctive species.

Male

Displaying male
Photo by Dubi
West Papua, Waigeo Island, Indonesia, July 2009
  • Blue exposed skin on mostly unfeathered crown and nape with black criss-crossing lines
  • Velvety black tuft above bill base
  • Brilliant semicircular yellow cape on mantle
  • Crimson red rest of mantle, bordered by broad black line
  • Crimson and dark-brownish wings
  • Blackish-brown tail with two long curved sickle-like violet-purple central tail feathers
  • Velvety black chin and throat with coppery-bronze to purple gloss
  • Large oily and glossy emerald-green breast shield, extending to belly
  • Sepia-brown remaining underparts
  • Dark brown eye
  • Blackish bill
  • Bright yellow to green mouth
  • Blue-grey legs

Female

  • Darker bare skin on head
  • Drab olive-brown to reddish-brown upperparts
  • Longer tail without elongated central tail feathers
  • Buff underparts, finely and uniformely barred brown-black

Juveniles are undescribed, immature males are similar to females.

Distribution

Endemic to the islands of Waigeo and Batanta, off northwest New Guinea.
A poorly known restricted-range species. Still reported as moderately common in parts of its range, but much of habitat lost or threatened by agriculture, logging and mining activities.

Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species.
Formerly together with Magnificent Bird-of-Paradise placed in genus Cicinnurus.

Habitat

Hill and to a lesser extend lowland and middle montane rainforests. Occurs from hills at 300m to about 1000m.

Behaviour

Diet

Feeds on fruits and arthropods.

Breeding

Birds in breeding condition found from May to June and in October. A polygynous species. The male holds a court on the ground, usually in dense forest. It keeps the ground clean of litter and removes leaves from saplings on the court. The display includes several static postures, a dance and a progression of movement of the nuchal cape, the breast shield and the central rectrices.
The female builds and attends the nest alone.

Gallery

Click on photo for larger image

References

  1. Clements, J. F., P. C. Rasmussen, T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, T. A. Fredericks, J. A. Gerbracht, D. Lepage, A. Spencer, S. M. Billerman, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2023. The eBird/Clements checklist of Birds of the World: v2023. Downloaded from https://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Del Hoyo, J, A Elliott, and D Christie, eds. 2009. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 14: Bush-shrikes to Old World Sparrows. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8496553507

Recommended Citation

External Links


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