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Double-banded Graytail

From Opus

Photo by Stanley JonesRío Torti, Panamá Province, Panama, February 2018
Photo by Stanley Jones
Río Torti, Panamá Province, Panama, February 2018
Xenerpestes minlosi


[edit] Identification

11–12 cm (4¼-4¾ in) Male and female similar.

  • Upperside dark grey
  • Underside pale
  • White supercilium
  • Two white wing bars
  • Graduated tail

[edit] Similar species

Immediate impression is similar to a warbler, but it has a stronger bill

[edit] Distribution

Central and South America
Central America: occurs only in Panama
South America: Colombia and Ecuador

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

There are 2 subspecies[1]:

  • X. m. minlosi:
  • X. m. umbraticus:
  • Pacific lowlands of Colombia

[edit] Habitat

Lowland and foothill forests, second growth and disturbed areas. Occurs to around 1000 m asl. It is mainly found in the middle section of the forest, more rarely in canopy or very low.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

Will often feed in wine tangles where it sometimes hangs head down to reach its food. Their diet consists mostly of arthropods.

[edit] Breeding

There is no confirmed information about breeding.

[edit] Gallery

Click on photo for larger image

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from
  2. Avibase
  3. Angher and Dean, The Birds of Panama
  4. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved Apr 2018)

[edit] External Links


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