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Alternative name: Spotted Emu
150â€“190 cm â—‹59-74Â¾ in) - Female Larger
Found over most of mainland Australia except rainforests, the driest deserts and urban areas, absent from much of the east coast.
Extinct as a wild bird in Tasmania but has been reintroduced to Maria Island. Mainly resident but nomadic in drier parts of range and makes regular migratory movements in some areas, particularly the west where moves south-westwards in spring.
Four subspecies recognized:
baudinianus and minor have been treated as separate species (Kangaroo Island Emu and King Island Emu).
Open plains, scrubland and coastal heath, semi-desert, open woodland and cultivated land. Common over much of range and easily seen in many protected areas.
Breeds in winter, eggs laid in April-May and season continues until September-October. Nest is a scrape in the ground or an area of trampled grass lined with leaves and bark usually near a tree or bush. Eggs: 7-11, rarely 20 dark green with granulated shell (134 x 83mm). Male incubates for about 48 days and tends young for up to 18 months.
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