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Erckel's Francolin - BirdForum Opus

Photo by bkrownd
W. slope of Mauna Kea, Hawaii, April 2010
Pternistis erckelii



  • Black forehead
  • Black stripe above eye
  • Chestnut crown
  • Dark grey cheeks
  • Light buff throat
  • Grey brown neck, breast and back with chestnut streaks
  • Black bill
  • Dark grey-yellow legs and feet
  • Males have two sets of spurs


Africa: Native to northeastern Sudan, and highlands of northern Eritrea and northwestern Ethiopia, but introduced to several parts of the World, including Italy and Hawaii.


This is a monotypic species[1].
Formerly placed in genus Francolinus.


Scrub-covered hillsides, streamside woods and mountain grasslands at 2000 - 3500m altitude in its native range.



The 7-12 spotted eggs are incubated for 21 to 23 days.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. thebigzoo
  3. gbwf.org

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