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Common Linnet

From Opus

(Redirected from Eurasian Linnet)

Alternative name: Eurasian Linnet

Summer male L. c. cannabinaPhoto by Andy Bright Suffolk, U.K.
Summer male L. c. cannabina
Photo by Andy Bright
Suffolk, U.K.
Linaria cannabina

Carduelis cannabina


[edit] Identification

13–14 cm (5-5½ in) It is a slim bird with a long tail

  • Brown mantle and back
  • Off-white throat
  • Grey bill
  • Silvery edge to primaries

Adult breeding Male

  • Red breast
  • Red forehead
  • Grey nape

Winter males, females and young birds lack the red, having streaked breasts and buffy underparts.

FemalePhoto by the late Jim WoodEast Lothian, Scotland
Photo by the late Jim Wood
East Lothian, Scotland

[edit] Distribution

Widespread and generally common over much of the region. Breeds throughout the British Isles and from western France and Iberia east to the Urals reaching north to southern Norway, southern and eastern Sweden and central and southern Finland. In the south occurs on Madeira and the Canary Islands, northwest Africa and most larger Mediterranean islands, Greece, Turkey and the Caucasus and the Middle East.

Northern and eastern birds are migratory, leaving breeding areas in September-October to winter chiefly within range of southern breeders and along coast of North Africa, returning in late March-April, those elsewhere partial migrants or resident.

Vagrants recorded north to Iceland and Lapland and south-east to Kuwait.

[edit] Taxonomy

JuvenilePhoto by Cristian MihaiCiocanu (AG), Romania, July 2016
Photo by Cristian Mihai
Ciocanu (AG), Romania, July 2016

Placed in genus Carduelis by Clements.

[edit] Subspecies

There are 7 subspecies[1]:

  • L. c. autochthona:
  • L. c. cannabina:
  • L. c. mediterranea:
  • L. c. bella: paler above with very pale rump and pale grey crown and nape in male.
  • L. c. nana:
  • L. c. meadewaldoi:
  • L. c. harterti: paler above and whiter on flanks

L. c. nana is not recognised by all authorities[2]

[edit] Habitat

Open habitats with low shrubs and scattered trees, often on moorland and heathland, along woodland edges, hedgerows and orchards, sometimes in large gardens. The southeastern subspecies L. c. bella occurs on rocky and scrub-covered mountain slopes.

In winter forms large flocks often with other finches and feeds on stubble fields and other cultivated areas, along shorelines and on waste ground.

[edit] Behaviour

During the winter can form large flocks mixed with other finches, including Twite.

[edit] Diet

Its food mainly consists of seeds.

[edit] Vocalisation

Song: a musical twitter.

Listen in an external program

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2015. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2015, with updates to August 2015. Downloaded from
  2. Avibase
  3. Collins Field Guide 5th Edition ISBN 0 00 219900 9
  4. Wikipedia

[edit] External Links


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