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Straightforward when in fully adult breeding plumage. Some individuals may have a very pale ground colour, almost grey, suggesting another species like a woodnymph. Identify those by the heavy bill and usually clearly visible post ocular whitish spot (both sexes) / pale moustachial streak (female). Sometimes these latter two marks can be more difficult to discern but should be present, and on close inspection the ground colour should have at least a hint of cinnamon.
There are 3 subspecies:
Subtropical montane and coffee forests, forest edges and highland gardens. Observed at heights around 5600 ft asl.
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