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Fork-tailed Flycatcher

From Opus

Photo © by FabioViamao, Brazil,  February 2006
Photo © by Fabio
Viamao, Brazil, February 2006
Tyrannus savana

Contents

[edit] Identification

Male 37–40·5 cm (14½-16 in), female 28–30 cm (11-11¾ in) includes length of tail

  • Black head
  • Yellow crown stripe (not always visible)
  • Pale grey back
  • White underparts

Sexes similar.

[edit] Distribution

ImmaturePhoto © by Celso ParisSorocaba, Sao Paulo, Brazil, 1917
Immature
Photo © by Celso Paris
Sorocaba, Sao Paulo, Brazil, 1917

Central America and South America.

Relatively regular vagrant to North America.

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

Photo © by CharelliArgentina, November, 2013
Photo © by Charelli
Argentina, November, 2013

There are 4 subspecies[1]

  • T. s. savana:
  • T. s. monachus: has a lighter back than nominate
  • T. s. sanctaemartae:
  • Caribbean coast of northern Colombia and north-western Venezuela (Guajira Peninsula)
  • T. s. circumdatus:
  • Lower Amazonian Brazil (west to Manaus area)

[edit] Habitat

Found in a wide variety of habitats; light forests, city parks, riverine, humid forests, open fields near rainforest edge, grassland, Pacific lowlands, highly disturbed dry tropical forest with open pastures for grazing cattle, savannas. Open areas, agricultural field with scattered trees, scrubby farmland

Observed at heights around 20-29 m.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

Their diet consists of flying insects during the breeding season with the addition of fruit (berries and palm fruit) at other times.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Arthur Grosset
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved December 2016)
  4. BF Member observations

[edit] External Links

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