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Blue-winged Parrotlet

From Opus

Photo by Rogerio Araújo DiasBrasilia, Brazil
Photo by Rogerio Araújo Dias
Brasilia, Brazil
Forpus xanthopterygius

Includes: Turquoise-winged Parrotlet; Large-billed Parrotlet


[edit] Identification

12–13 cm (4¾-5 in)

  • Green overall plumage
  • Underparts slightly yellower
  • Horn bill
  • Brown iris


  • Blue along wing edge and rump

Female: all green, yellow tinge on head and flanks

[edit] Distribution

FemalePhoto by OrozimboLins, SP, Brasil, October 2017
Photo by Orozimbo
Lins, SP, Brasil, October 2017

South America: found in Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Ecuador, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay and Argentina.

[edit] Taxonomy

Forpus crassirostris has also been used as the scientific name for this species, even though the majority of world wide checklists now use Forpus xanthopterygius

[edit] Subspecies

Rufous Hornero nest (or "oven") taken over by Blue-winged ParrotletPhoto by Daniesser Nossa Fazenda, Esmeraldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil, December 2006
Rufous Hornero nest (or "oven") taken over by Blue-winged Parrotlet
Photo by Daniesser
Nossa Fazenda, Esmeraldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil, December 2006

Three subspecies are recognized by Clements1:

  • F.x. spengeli:
  • F.x. crassirostris:
  • F.x. xanthopterygius:

Some resources recognize F. crassirostris as a full species: Large-billed Parrotlet3.

[edit] Habitat

Cerrado, semi-open and shrubby areas, riverine thickets, forest borders, city parks, open woods, savanna.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Breeding

They nest in tree holes or use nests from other species, such as Rufous Hornero. There is little extra information available.

[edit] Diet

Their diet consists mainly of fruits, seeds, grass seeds and catkins.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from
  2. SACC proposal discussing the two scientific names used for this species
  3. Gill, F and D Donsker (Eds). 2015. IOC World Bird Names (version 5.3). Available at
  4. Dickinson, EC, ed. 2003. The Howard and Moore Complete Checklist of the Birds of the World. 3rd ed., with updates to October 2008 (Corrigenda 8). Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0691117010
  5. Arthur Grosset
  6. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved Oct 2017)
  7. Avian Web

[edit] External Links


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