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Blue-winged Parrotlet

From Opus

Photo by Rogerio Araújo DiasBrasilia, Brazil
Photo by Rogerio Araújo Dias
Brasilia, Brazil
Forpus xanthopterygius

Includes: Turquoise-winged Parrotlet; Large-billed Parrotlet

Contents

[edit] Identification

12–13 cm (4¾-5 in)

  • Green overall plumage
  • Underparts slightly yellower
  • Horn bill
  • Brown iris

Male

  • Blue along wing edge and rump

Female: all green, yellow tinge on head and flanks

[edit] Distribution

FemalePhoto by OrozimboLins, SP, Brasil, October 2017
Female
Photo by Orozimbo
Lins, SP, Brasil, October 2017

South America: found in Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Ecuador, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay and Argentina.

[edit] Taxonomy

Forpus crassirostris has also been used as the scientific name for this species, even though the majority of world wide checklists now use Forpus xanthopterygius

[edit] Subspecies

Rufous Hornero nest (or "oven") taken over by Blue-winged ParrotletPhoto by Daniesser Nossa Fazenda, Esmeraldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil, December 2006
Rufous Hornero nest (or "oven") taken over by Blue-winged Parrotlet
Photo by Daniesser
Nossa Fazenda, Esmeraldas, Minas Gerais, Brazil, December 2006

Three subspecies are recognized by Clements1:

  • F.x. spengeli:
  • F.x. crassirostris:
  • F.x. xanthopterygius:

Some resources recognize F. crassirostris as a full species: Large-billed Parrotlet3.

[edit] Habitat

Cerrado, semi-open and shrubby areas, riverine thickets, forest borders, city parks, open woods, savanna.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Breeding

They nest in tree holes or use nests from other species, such as Rufous Hornero. There is little extra information available.

[edit] Diet

Their diet consists mainly of fruits, seeds, grass seeds and catkins.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. SACC proposal discussing the two scientific names used for this species
  3. Gill, F and D Donsker (Eds). 2015. IOC World Bird Names (version 5.3). Available at http://www.worldbirdnames.org/.
  4. Dickinson, EC, ed. 2003. The Howard and Moore Complete Checklist of the Birds of the World. 3rd ed., with updates to October 2008 (Corrigenda 8). Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0691117010
  5. Arthur Grosset
  6. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved Oct 2017)
  7. Avian Web

[edit] External Links


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