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Golden-crowned Warbler

From Opus

Photo by Aracari Itatiaia National Park, Brazil, April 2006
Photo by Aracari
Itatiaia National Park, Brazil, April 2006
Basileuterus culicivorus

Includes: White-bellied Warbler


[edit] Identification

12·5 cm

[edit] Distribution

From Mexico south over Central America and most of South America to Argentina.

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

Stripe-crowned Photo by Stanley JonesNear El Cielo, Tamaulipas, Mexico, December 1985
Photo by Stanley Jones
Near El Cielo, Tamaulipas, Mexico, December 1985

There are 14 subspecies[1] forming four groups:
Stripe-crowned Warbler:

  • B. c. flavescens: Western Mexico (Nayarit and western Jalisco)
  • B. c. brasherii: Eastern Mexico (Nuevo León and Tamaulipas to Hidalgo and northern Veracruz)
  • B. c. culicivorus: Tropical southern Mexico (Puebla) to north-western Costa Rica
  • B. c. godmani: Southern Costa Rica and western Panama (east to Veraguas)

Cabanis's Warbler:

  • B. c. indignus: Santa Marta Mountains (north-eastern Colombia)
  • B. c. cabanisi: Extreme north-eastern Colombia (Santander del Norte) and north-western Venezuela
  • B. c. occultus: Tropical and lower subtropical Andes of Colombia
  • B. c. austerus: Eastern slope of East Andes of Colombia (Boyacá, Cundinamarca and Meta)

Golden-crowned Warbler:

  • B. c. olivascens: Eastern slope of East Andes of Colombia, northern Venezuela and Trinidad
  • B. c. segrex: South-eastern Venezuela to western Guyana and adjacent north-western Brazil
  • B. c. auricapillus: Tropical central Brazil
  • B. c. azarae: Paraguay to southern Brazil, Uruguay and north-eastern Argentina
  • B. c. viridescens: Tropical eastern Bolivia (Santa Cruz)


White-bellied WarblerPhoto by Carlos HenriqueSousas, Campinas, Brazil, March 2008
White-bellied Warbler
Photo by Carlos Henrique
Sousas, Campinas, Brazil, March 2008
  • B. c. hypoleucus: Lowlands of eastern Bolivia to north-eastern Paraguay and south-central Brazil

White-bellied Warbler was formerly treated as full species[2].

[edit] Habitat

Forests and forest borders, sugarcane fields with remnant gallery hardwood forest at an elevation of around 271 m, dry creek bed, tropical savanna.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

Their diet consists mostly of berries and occasionally insects.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, B.L. Sullivan, C. L. Wood, and D. Roberson. 2013. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.8., with updates to August 2013. Downloaded from
  2. Birdforum thread discussing the taxonomy of White-bellied Warbler
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved May 2014)
  4. BF Member observations

[edit] External Links


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