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Golden-tailed Woodpecker - BirdForum Opus

Male (This composite shows two views of the same male bird)
Photo by rdavis
Bakubung Lodge, Pilanesberg National Park, South Africa, November 2011
Campethera abingoni

Identification

Length 19-22 cm, mass 61-76 cm. Has streaked, rather than spotted, underparts.

Adult male: The nape, the whole crown and the moustachial stripes are red.

Adult female: Crown and moustachial stripe black with white spots; nape red.

Distribution

Female
Photo by Alan Manson
Ballito, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, July 2008

Senegal, Gambia to South Sudan and South Africa.

Taxonomy

Subspecies

Campethera abingoni has six subspecies:[1]

  • C. a. chrysura
  • C. a. kavirondensis
  • C. a. suahelica
  • C. a. abingoni
  • C. a. anderssoni
  • C. a. constricta

Habitat

Woodland, thicket and coastal forest.

Behaviour

Usually in pairs; entirely arboreal. Eats ants, termites, millipedes and insect larvae.

Breeding

Monogamous and territorial. The nest hole is excavated in a tree trunk, usually between 0.4 m and 2 m above the ground. Two to four eggs are incubated for about 13 days by both sexes, and the nestling period is about 23 days. Parasitised by Scaly-throated Honeyguide, Greater Honeyguide and Lesser Honeyguide.

Diet

Their diet consists of insects and larva.

Vocalisation

The territorial call is a single, loud shriek wheeeeaa; similar to the sound of a nail being pulled from a plank.

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Hockey, PAR, WRJ Dean, and PG Ryan, eds. 2005. Roberts' Birds of Southern Africa. 7th ed. Cape Town: John Voelcker Bird Book Fund. ISBN 978-0620340533
  3. Sinclair, I and P Ryan. 2003. Birds of Africa South of the Sahara. Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0691118154
  4. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved May 2014)

Recommended Citation

External Links

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