Alternative names: Newton's Bowerbird; Queensland Gardener
- Prionodura newtoniana
25cm. The smallest Bowerbird.
- Olive-green head, chin and upperparts
- Deep yellow underparts, central crown and nape
- Pale buff eye
- Blackish-brown bill
- Blue-grey legs with olive wash
- Slightly smaller but heavier and with a shorter tail
- Brownish olive above
- Glaucous below
- Darker eye and bill than male
Immatures are similar to females.
Endemic to Queensland, Australia (Thornton Range and Mount Windsor Tableland south to Seaview-Paluma Range).
Fairly common in its small range.
Some authorities place this species in the genus Amblyornis.
This is a monotypic species.
Upland rainforest, mainly at 700 - 990m.
Feeds mostly on fruits but takes also flowers, buds and arthropods.
Does usually feed alone, though will come to fruiting trees often containing numbers of other Bowerbirds and other fruit-eating species.
Breeding season from September to February. A polygynous species. The male builds and attends a bower to attract females. They build a nest alone and also breed alone.
The male builds and decorates a large simple maypole bower. The bower consists of a singe or a twin tower made of sticks up to 3m tall and build around a sapling, vines or trees. It's decorated with mainly grey-green lichen and creamy-white fruit. The male then performs a complex display to attract females.
The female builds a deep, bulky cup with dead leaves, about 5m above the ground and around 100m away from the bower. Lays 1 - 3 eggs.
A resident species. Females and immatures may move to lower altitudes in winter.
- Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, B.L. Sullivan, C. L. Wood, and D. Roberson. 2013. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.8., with updates to August 2013. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
- Del Hoyo, J, A Elliott, and D Christie, eds. 2009. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 14: Bush-shrikes to Old World Sparrows. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8496553507
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