- Ardea goliath
Chestnut head, neck and underparts distinguish it from all other herons.
There are also occasional records from the Nile Valley especially Lake Nasser, more regularly on the Red Sea coasts of Egypt and Arabia but rare north to the Gulf of Aqaba and has also been reported from Kuwait, Syria and the Hula Swamp in Israel. Formerly occurred in the marshes of southern Iraq but current status there is unknown.
Slow-flowing rivers, lakes and swamps, also estuaries, mangroves and mudflats
Their diet consists mostly of large fish.
- Clements, JF. 2008. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to December 2008. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019.
- Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved May 2014)
- BF Member Observations
- BirdForum Opus contributors. (2021) Goliath Heron. In: BirdForum, the forum for wild birds and birding. Retrieved 22 April 2021 from https://www.birdforum.net/wiki/Goliath_Heron