- Tinamus major
A large (46cm.) tinamou
Olive-brown above spotted and barred with black, paler and greyer below, flanks barred black, belly whitish and undertail cinnamon. Crown and neck rufous, occipital crest and supercilium blackish. Legs blue-grey.
There are 12 subspecies:
Central American Races:
- percautus: southern Mexico and Guatemala
- robustus: from central Guatemala to northern Nicaragua
- fuscipennis: from east Nicaragua to Panama
- castaneiceps: south-west Costa Rica and western Panama
- brunniventris: central Panama
- saturatus: eastern Panama and northern Colombia.
South American Races:
- latifrons: western Colombia and western Ecuador
- zuliensis: eastern Colombia and western Venezuela
- major: the Guianas and northern Brazil
- olivascens: eastern Brazil
- peruvianus: eastern Colombia, eastern Ecuador and eastern Peru
- serratus: southern Venezuela and western Brazil.
Rainforest and cloud forest from sea-level up to 1,500m and often near water. Nests at the base of a tree and roosts in trees. Fairly common over much of range and less secretive than some other tinamous, though more often heard than seen, usually solitary.
They eat a variety of fruit, seeds and berries.
Plaintive tremulous paired whistles, uttered most often at dawn and dusk.
- Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, B.L. Sullivan, C. L. Wood, and D. Roberson. 2013. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.8., with updates to August 2013. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
- Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved August 2014)
- BirdForum Opus contributors. (2022) Great Tinamou. In: BirdForum, the forum for wild birds and birding. Retrieved 19 January 2022 from https://www.birdforum.net/opus/Great_Tinamou