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Greater Double-collared Sunbird - BirdForum Opus

Photo by Mybs
Grootvadersbosch, Cape Town, South Africa, August 2004
Cinnyris afer

Nectarinia afra
Cinnyris afra
German: Großer Halsbandnektarvogel; Afrikaans: Grootrooibandsuikerbekkie

Identification

Female
Photo by Mybs
Victoria Bay, South Africa, December 2005

14 - 15 cm and 11 g
The male Greater Double-collared Sunbird has a brilliant red band across the chest. As with other sunbirds the bill is long and decurved. The bill of this species is longer and more curved than that of the Southern Double-collared Sunbird. The bill, legs and feet are black. The eye is dark brown. The male has a brilliant glossy, metallic green head, throat upper breast and back. A narrow metallic blue band separates the green of the upper breast from the wide red breast band, below which the breast and belly are smoky-grey. The rump is blue When displaying bright yellow pectoral tufts can be seen on the shoulders.
The female is brownish grey above with yellowish-grey underparts.

Similar Species

Compared to the Southern Double-collared Sunbird, this species is larger, the bill is significantly longer, and the band across the chest is wider.

Distribution

Southern and eastern South Africa and Swaziland. It is mainly resident, but partially migratory in the northeast of its range.

Taxonomy

Immature
Photo by GarethH
Helderberg Nature Reserve, Western Cape, South Africa, December 2005

This is one of the many Sunbirds that have recently been moved to the genus Cinnyris from the genus Nectarinia.

Subspecies

There are 2 subspecies[1]:

  • C. a. saliens:
  • C. a. afer:
  • Southern South Africa (southern Western Cape and southwestern Eastern Cape)

Habitat

The Greater Double-collared Sunbird occurs in coastal and riverine bush, forest edge, montane scrub, Protea savannah, parks and gardens. It is usually solitary or in pairs.

Behaviour

Highly active birds chasing each other and other sunbird species about.

Diet

Has the habit of hovering in front of webs to extract spiders. It lives mainly on nectar of flowers, as well as fruit, insects and spiders.

Breeding

They breed all year round, with a peak from July to November. The nest is an untidy round oval of grass, dry leaves; bark shreds seed cases loosely bound together with spider webs. It has a side top entrance with a porch or hood, and is usually lined with feathers.

Vocalisation

The call is a sustained jumble of tweeting, twittering and chipping notes, richer than the calls of the Southern Double-collared Sunbird.

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2014. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.9., with updates to August 2014. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/

Recommended Citation

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