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Greater Flamingo

From Opus

Photo © by christ34Camargue, France
Photo © by christ34
Camargue, France
Phoenicopterus roseus


[edit] Identification

Length 120-145cm (47ΒΌ-57 in)
Wing span 140-170cm

  • White, tinged pink
  • Red wing coverts
  • Black flight feathers
  • Decurved bill with black tip, red-orange in middle and pale yellow near eye in nominate, dark pink in roseus
  • Legs pink and extremely long

Grey-brown with whitish underparts

[edit] Similar Species

Photo © by swarovskiuserLesvos, Greece, May 2008
Photo © by swarovskiuser
Lesvos, Greece, May 2008

Chilean Flamingo has grey legs with pink knees. Lesser Flamingo is smaller, has a dark bill and a dark red eye.

[edit] Distribution

Locally in southern Europe and Mediterranean basin to South Africa and Indian subcontinent.

[edit] Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species.
Was formerly considered conspecific with American Flamingo.

[edit] Habitat

Salt pans and large bodies of shallow water, inland and coastal; saline and brackish waters preferred.

[edit] Behaviour

Immature with adultPhoto © by Alok TewariJamnagar, Coastal Gujarat, India, January-2016
Immature with adult
Photo © by Alok Tewari
Jamnagar, Coastal Gujarat, India, January-2016

Highly gregarious

[edit] Breeding

Breed in large colonies in nests that consists of mud compacted into a mound on top of which the nest of mud and twigs is situated, this is built by both sexes. 1 white egg is laid, and incubated by both parents for 27-31 days.

[edit] Diet

The diet includes small crustaceans, molluscs, and insects.

[edit] Vocalisation

Loud cackles (reminiscent of Greylag Goose)

Listen in an external program

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from
  2. Collins Field Guide 5th Edition
  3. Collins Bird Guide ISBN 0 00 219728 6

[edit] External Links


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