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Greater Flamingo - BirdForum Opus

Photo © by christ34
Camargue, France
Phoenicopterus roseus

Identification

Photo © by swarovskiuser
Lesvos, Greece, May 2008

Length 120-145cm (47¼-57 in)
Wing span 140-170cm
Adult

  • White, tinged pink
  • Red wing coverts
  • Black flight feathers
  • Decurved bill with black tip, red-orange in middle and pale yellow near eye in nominate, dark pink in roseus
  • Legs pink and extremely long

Juvenile
Grey-brown with whitish underparts

Similar Species

Chilean Flamingo has grey legs with pink knees. Lesser Flamingo is smaller, has a dark bill and a dark red eye.

Distribution

Locally in southern Europe and Mediterranean basin to South Africa and Indian subcontinent.

Taxonomy

Juvenile
Photo © by creaturesnapper
Almeria, Spain, November 2018

This is a monotypic species.
Was formerly considered conspecific with American Flamingo.

Habitat

Salt pans and large bodies of shallow water, inland and coastal; saline and brackish waters preferred.

Behaviour

Highly gregarious

Breeding

Breed in large colonies in nests that consists of mud compacted into a mound on top of which the nest of mud and twigs is situated, this is built by both sexes. 1 white egg is laid, and incubated by both parents for 27-31 days.

Diet

The diet includes small crustaceans, molluscs, and insects.

Vocalisation

Loud cackles (reminiscent of Greylag Goose)

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References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Collins Field Guide 5th Edition
  3. Collins Bird Guide ISBN 0 00 219728 6

Recommended Citation

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