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12½â€“14 cm. (5-5½ in.)
Medium-sized, dark olive-brown finch, with strong pink bill. Has bright yellow wing and tail patches and a rather short slightly forked tail. Male has head olive-gray with black mask around eye to bill. Body rather uniformly dark olive-brown, slightly paler on belly. Female is duller and juvenile distinctly streaked below.
European Greenfinch is similar but body color much more yellow-green rather than olive-brown. Ranges do not overlap. Eurasian Siskin has similar plumage on the wings and tail but is much smaller with smaller bill and more heavily streaked.
Nest is a cup constructed out of grasses and moss and lined with finer grasses and softer vegetation. It is usually placed in a tree, but sometimes a bush. The female lays 2 to 5 eggs which she alone incubates.
Mostly seeds including weed and shrub seeds, and sunflower seeds, also rice, buckwheat and other grains. They will also feed on insects, spiders, and other small invertebrates, particularly during the summer breeding season.
Clement, P. (2017). Oriental Greenfinch (Chloris sinica). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from http://www.hbw.com/node/61335 on 11 June 2017).
Clement, P., A. Harris, and J. Davis. 1993. Finches and Sparrows: An Identification Guide. Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton, N. J.
Sangster, G., Collinson, J. M., Crochet, P.-A., Knox, A. G., Parkin, D. T., Svensson, L. and Vottier, S. C. (2011), Taxonomic recommendations for British birds: seventh report. Ibis, 153: 883â€“892.
Zuccon, D., Prys-Jones, R., Rasmussen, P., Ericson, P.G.P. (2012). The phylogenetic relationships and generic limits of finches (Fringillidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 62 (2): 581â€“596