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Red-throated Ant Tanager

From Opus

(Redirected from Habia fuscicauda insularis)
Subspecies fuscicaudaPhoto © by Stanley JonesLocation: Selva Verde Lodge, Sarapiqui, Heredia Province, Costa Rica, March 2006
Subspecies fuscicauda
Photo © by Stanley Jones
Location: Selva Verde Lodge, Sarapiqui, Heredia Province, Costa Rica, March 2006
Habia fuscicauda


[edit] Identification

18–20 cm (7-8 in)

  • Dark red head
  • Scarlet crown patch (generally concealed)
  • Dusky upperparts
  • Bright red throat
  • Paler underparts
  • Strong dark bill

Female: brownish-olive overall plumage, paler and greyer underparts, yellow throat and small pale yellow crown stripe.
Young birds are brown, lacking the throat and crown patches.

[edit] Similar Species

FemalePhoto © by Cedric K. Parque Natural Metropolitano, Panama, April 2009
Photo © by Cedric K.
Parque Natural Metropolitano, Panama, April 2009

Very difficult to distinguish from the Red-crowned Ant Tanager. However, this species has darker lores, and the red or yellow crown stripe lacks the black edge found on the Red-crowned Ant Tanager. Both these differences are subtle; best differentiation is voice.

[edit] Distribution

Central and South America: found from Mexico to Panama and Colombia

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

Subspecies insularisPhoto © by firecrest15Reserve Toh, Quintana Roo, Mexico, 29 April 2019
Subspecies insularis
Photo © by firecrest15
Reserve Toh, Quintana Roo, Mexico, 29 April 2019

Six subspecies are recognized:[1]

  • H. f. salvini:
  • H. f. insularis:
  • Yucatán Peninsula, Meco I., Isla Mujeres and northern Guatemala
  • H. f. discolor:
  • H. f. fuscicauda:
  • Extreme southern Nicaragua to extreme western Panama
  • H. f. willisi:
  • Central Panama (north-eastern CoclĂ© and ColĂłn to western San Blas)
  • H. f. erythrolaema:

[edit] Habitat

Older second growth, forest borders and surrounding shrubby areas.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Breeding

They construct a cup shaped nest in the fork of a shrub or tree. Their clutch consists of 2-3 white eggs. It is thought that at times they are co-operative breeders.

[edit] Diet

Their main diet consists of insects, arthropods such as ants and caterpillars. They will also eat some fruit.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from
  2. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved June 2019)

[edit] External Links


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