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White-throated Kingfisher

From Opus

(Redirected from Halcyon smyrnensis fusca)

Alternative names: White-breasted Kingfisher or Smyrna Kingfisher

Nominate subspeciesPhoto by Alok TewariKeoladeo National Park, Bharatpur, India, Dec-2015
Nominate subspecies
Photo by Alok Tewari
Keoladeo National Park, Bharatpur, India, Dec-2015
Halcyon smyrnensis

Includes: Brown-breasted Kingfisher


[edit] Identification

Subspecies H. s. fokiensisPhoto by NeilHong Kong,China, July, 2009
Subspecies H. s. fokiensis
Photo by Neil
Hong Kong,China, July, 2009

26·5–28 cm (10½-11 in)

  • Bluish-back, wings and tail
  • Chestnut head, shoulders, flanks and lower belly
  • White throat and breast
  • Red bill and legs

Sexes are similar; juveniles are a duller version of the adult.

[edit] Flight

Large white patches are visible on the open wings.

[edit] Distribution

Subspecies H. s. fusca : Courting pairPhoto by Alok TewariDist. Nainital, Uttarakhand Himalayas, Alt. 5200 ft., India, April-2011
Subspecies H. s. fusca : Courting pair
Photo by Alok Tewari
Dist. Nainital, Uttarakhand Himalayas, Alt. 5200 ft., India, April-2011

Egypt and Turkey east through Middle East and South Asia to the Philippines.

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

Subspecies H. s. perpulchraPhoto by ndwgolfLake Garden, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, November 2015
Subspecies H. s. perpulchra
Photo by ndwgolf
Lake Garden, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, November 2015

Five[1] or six[2] subspecies are recognized:

  • H. s. smyrnensis:
  • H. s. fusca:
  • H. s. saturatior:
  • H. s. perpulchra:
  • H. s. fokiensis:
  • H. s. gularis: Brown-breasted Kingfisher

[edit] Habitat

They make use of a mixture of habitats such as ponds, canals, swamps and mudflats, usually with some trees. The are not always found near water.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

Sub-adultPhoto by ragooraoMysore, Karnataka, India
Photo by ragoorao
Mysore, Karnataka, India

Their varied diet consists of large insects such as crickets and grasshoppers, rodents, snakes, fish and frogs and small birds.

[edit] Breeding

As with most kingfisher species, the nest chamber is in an earthy bank. The clutch consists of 4-7 round white eggs.

[edit] Vocalisation

Listen in an external program
Recording by Alok Tewari
Keoladeo National Park, Bharatpur, India, June-2017
Two individuals calling- one near and other at a distance.Calls by Greater Coucal, Western Koel-male, Red-wattled Lapwing and Common Myna are heard in the BG.

[edit] Gallery

Click images to see larger version

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from
  2. Avibase
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved November 2015)
  4. Wikipedia

[edit] External Links


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