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Hardhead - BirdForum Opus

Alternative name: (Australian) White-eyed Duck

Photo by Mat & Cathy
Sherwood Arboretum, Brisbane, Australia, June 2006
Aythya australis


42–59 cm (16½-23¼ in)

  • Chestnut-brown upperparts
  • Rufous flanks
  • Whitish belly
  • White underwing

Eyes: white in male, brown in female


Female, as told by duller plumage and brown eye
Photo by colonelboris
Victoria Park, Sydney, Australia, November 2009

Australia (except driest areas), Tasmania and south-western Oceania.


This is a monotypic species[1].


Large, deep lakes and marshes.



They are mainly vegetarian, eating seeds, flowers grass, sedges and aquatic plants. They also eat some aquatic invertebrates.


Click on image to see larger version


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2016. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2016, with updates to August 2016. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved February 2017)

Recommended Citation

External Links