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Highland Guan

From Opus

Penelopina nigra

Contents

[edit] Identification

59–65 cm (23¼-25½ in); female large than male
Male

  • Glossy black overall plumage
  • Red legs, bill and wattle

Female

  • Brown overall plumage with black barring
  • Grey bill
  • Dull reddish legs

[edit] Distribution

South America: found from southern Mexico to Nicaragua

[edit] Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species[1].

Some authorities recognise 3 subspecies[2]; P. n. nigra, P. n. dickeyi and P. n. rufescens

[edit] Habitat

They are mainly found in establish cloud and pine-oak forests. Also they can sometimes be found in secondary forests and pine plantations.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

Their main diet consists of berries, fruit and leaves, with the addition of some animal material, such as mice, salamanders and fresh water crabs.

[edit] Breeding

They construct their nest from leaves, twigs and rootlets and placed in a tangle of vines about 15m above ground. The clutch contains 1 or two white eggs, incubated by the female for 25-28 days. The young are precocial and leave the nest within a 24 hours.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, JF. 2008. The Clements Checklist of Birds of the World. 6th ed., with updates to December 2008. Ithaca: Cornell Univ. Press. ISBN 978-0801445019.
  2. Avibase
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved Sept 2018)
  4. Neotropical Birds

[edit] External Links

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