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Highland Tinamou - BirdForum Opus

Photo © by Pitter
Dapa Valle, Colombia, December 2010

;Nothocercus bonapartei


35–41 cm (13¾-16 in)

  • Black cap
  • Dark grey face and sides of head
  • Dark brown upperparts, finely vermiculated with black
  • Buff-spotted wings and rump
  • Cinnamon underparts with wavy blackish bars heaviest on flanks
  • Belly pale-spotted
  • Blackish crown and sides of head
  • Rufous on nape
  • Tawny throat


Central and South America
Central America: Costa Rica and Chiriqu Highlands of Panama
South America: west Venezuela, Colombia, eastern Ecuador and north-east Peru.



Five recognized subspecies[1]


Cloud forest at 1,300-2,500m.


Shy and rarely seen, usually solitary or in small groups of up to five.


Their diet consists mostly of fallen fruits, with the addition of some small animals.


Male often Polygynous. Their clutch contains between 4-12 eggs.


A series of loud hollow and disyllabic calls rendered cu-ya, audible at some distance.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved Sept 2018)
  3. BF Member observatiofns

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