• Welcome to BirdForum, the internet's largest birding community with thousands of members from all over the world. The forums are dedicated to wild birds, birding, binoculars and equipment and all that goes with it.

    Please register for an account to take part in the discussions in the forum, post your pictures in the gallery and more.
ZEISS DTI thermal imaging cameras. For more discoveries at night, and during the day.

Himalayan Rubythroat - BirdForum Opus

Subspecies ballioni, Himalayan Rubythroat
Photo © by Askar Isabekov
Tien Shan, Kazakhstan, June 2014
Calliope pectoralis


14–16 cm (5½-6¼ in)

  • Grey upperparts
  • Bold white supercilium
  • Ruby-red throat patch
  • Black breast
  • White belly

Similar Species

Siberian Rubythroat has brown upperparts, Chinese Rubythroat has a white sub-moustachial stripe.


Asia: found in Turkestan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, China, Inner Mongolia, Nepal, Pakistan, India, Eastern and Western Himalayas, Bangladesh and Bhutan
Southeast Asia: Indochina, and Thailand


Formerly placed in genus Luscinia and considered conspecific with Chinese Rubythroat.


There are 3 subspecies[1]:

  • C. p. pectoralis:
  • C. p. confusa:
  • C. p. ballioni:
  • Western China (western Xinjiang from Tien Shan to Kashgar)


Tall grassy thickets above the tree-line.



Their main diet consists of insects such as spiders; molluscs and small reptiles. They also eat a lot of caterpillars in the summer.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Gill, F and D Donsker (Eds). 2017. IOC World Bird Names (version 7.1). Available at http://www.worldbirdnames.org/.
  3. Avibase
  4. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved February 2017)

Recommended Citation

External Links