• BirdForum is the net's largest birding community dedicated to wild birds and birding, and is absolutely FREE!

    Register for an account to take part in lively discussions in the forum, post your pictures in the gallery and more.
ZEISS. Discover the fascinating world of birds, and win a birding trip to Columbia

Black-necked Stilt - BirdForum Opus

(Redirected from Himantopus mexicanus)
Photo © by Leslie
San Joaquin Wildlife Sanctuary, Irvine, California, 18 February 2006
Himantopus mexicanus

Includes: White-backed Stilt

Identification

Subspecies melanurus, White-backed Stilt
Photo © by bievreJJ
Tanqua, Sao Paulo, Brazil, 19 September 2017

35–40 cm (13¾-15¾ in)

  • White underparts
  • Black wings and back
  • White tail with some grey banding
  • Black cap
  • Small white spot above eye
  • Long pink legs
  • Long thin black bill

Males - greenish gloss to back and wings, particularly in breeding season
Females - tinged brown.

Variations

H. m. melanurus has less black and more white on head. H. m. knudseni is larger with more black on head and neck; longer bill and legs.

Distribution

U.S. to southern Peru and Brazil; Hawaiian Islands.

Taxonomy

Subspecies

Photo © by Neil
Orlando, Florida, USA, 5 June 2007

There are 3 subspecies:

  • H. m. mexicanus:
  • H. m. knudseni:
  • H. m. melanurus:

Habitat

Wetlands and coastlines, up to 2500m.

Behaviour

Diet

Their varied diet consists mostly of small aquatic invertebrates, crustaceans, arthropods, molluscs, small fish and tadpoles. They also eat seeds from aquatic plants.

Breeding

Chicks, subspecies mexicanus
Photo © by Stanley Jones
Anahuac National Wildlife Refuge, Chambers County, Texas, USA, 21 June 2018

Nest is a scrape built up on the sides with dead vegetation. They usually nest on mudflats. The clutch consists of 3-5 tawny olive to light drab eggs spotted or blotched with brown. Both adults incubate for 22-26 days. The young fledge after about 28 days.

Vocalisation

Common call is a loud, sharp, "kip-kip-kip."

Movements

Sedentary in places, but local movements to long-distance migration elsewhere.

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Pierce, R.J. & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). Black-winged Stilt (Himantopus himantopus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/53759 on 30 January 2020).
  3. Robinson, J. A., J. M. Reed, J. P. Skorupa, and L. W. Oring (1999). Black-necked Stilt (Himantopus mexicanus), version 2.0. In The Birds of North America (A. F. Poole and F. B. Gill, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bna.449
  4. Chandler, R. (2009). Shorebirds of North America, Europe, and Asia: A photographic guide. Princeton.

Recommended Citation

External Links

Search for scientific name Himantopus mexicanus:

Search for scientific name Himantopus melanurus:


Top