[ edit] Identification
14cm 14â€“21 cm (5Â½-8Â¼ in)
Bright blue upperparts
Flight feathers are darker
Blue mask through the eye
White spots on the tail
Outer tail feather are very long filaments
At least in Africa, the dark band across the vent area is important for identification
Sexes are similar, but the female has shorter "wires"
Juveniles have a brown crown, back and tail.
[ edit] Distribution
Two distinct populartions
Africa ( smithii) and Asia ( filifera):
Western Africa: Mauritania, Senegambia, Senegal, The Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Mali, Sierra Leone, Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Nigeria, Niger, Chad, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Democratic Republic of Congo, Angola
Eastern Africa: Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Tanzania, Zambia, Mozambique, Malawi
Southern Africa: Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, South Africa, KwaZulu-Natal, Swaziland
Asia: Russia, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, China, Tibet, Nepal, Pakistan, India, Eastern and Western Himalayas, Bangladesh, Bhutan
Southeast Asia: Indochina, Burma, Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia, Thailand
[ edit] Taxonomy
[ edit] Subspecies
There are 2 subspecies
Widespread Africa south of the Sahara
[ edit] Habitat
Open country near water and human habitation, Marula savannah, open woodland, bushveld, rice fields, marshland
[ edit] Behaviour
The diet consists mainly of flying insects.
[ edit] Breeding
The 3 or four eggs are laid in a half-bowl nest lined with mud. It is fixed to the vertical surfaces of bridges and buildings or under cliff ledges.
Adult displaying fully-grown wires
Dist. Mathura, Uttar Pradesh,
[ edit] Vocalisation
Listen in an external program
Alok Tewari Keoladeo National Park
A mixed group of Juvies and adult calling. They were hawking insects over a canal and calling. Background calls by Red-wattled Lapwing and Rose-ringed Parakeet are heard.
[ edit] References
Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
Sinclair et al. 2002. Birds of Southern Africa. Princeton Field Guides, Princeton, New Jersey, USA. ISBN 0-691-09682-1
BF Member observations
[ edit] External Links