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Hoffmann's Woodpecker

From Opus

MalePhoto by the late Jim Wood Costa Rica, November 2008
Photo by the late Jim Wood
Costa Rica, November 2008
Melanerpes hoffmannii


[edit] Identification

18 cm

  • Upperparts and wings barred black and white
  • White rump
  • Pale buffish-grey underparts
  • Yellow central belly patch


FemalePhoto by DiggitalDAlajuela, Costa Rica
Photo by DiggitalD
Alajuela, Costa Rica
  • Red crown
  • White forehead
  • Yellow nape


  • White crown and forehead
  • Yellow nape

Young birds: duller, less white upperparts and less yellow on the belly

[edit] Variation

At Tarcoles River in Costa Rica, this species adjoins the very similar Red-crowned Woodpecker. In a narrow region around this river and somewhat to the south, the birds have orange in the rear of their necks, indicating some hybrid origin.

[edit] Distribution

South America: found on the Pacific slope of southern Honduras, Nicaragua and northern half of the Pacific slope of Costa Rica.

[edit] Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species[1].

[edit] Habitat

Deciduous open woodland.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Breeding

The nest hole is unlined and high in a dead tree. The 2 or 3 glossy white eggs are incubated by both adults.

[edit] Diet

The diet includes insects, often extracted from decaying wood, and fruit and nectar.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2014. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: Version 6.9., with updates to August 2014. Downloaded from
  2. Garrigues and Dean 2007. The birds of Costa Rica - a field guide. Cornell University Press. ISBN 978-0-8014-7373-9
  3. Wikipedia

[edit] External Links


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