- Spinus magellanicus
10â€“12 cm (4-4Âľ in)
- Greenish-yellow overall plumage
- Black head, wings and tail
Females are duller with a greenish-olive upperparts, yellowish-green breast and sides.
Female, subspecies ictericus
Photo © by Celso Paris
Sorocaba, Sao Paulo, SE Brazil
South America: found in Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay, Chile, Argentina
Formerly placed in genus Carduelis.
There are 11 subspecies including the Santa Cruz Siskin, S. m. santaecrucis, of central and eastern Bolivia which is sometimes considered to be a separate species.
- S. m. capitalis: Mountains of extreme southern Colombia to Ecuador and north-western Peru
- S. m. longirostris: South East Venezuela to Guyana and northern Brazil
- S. m. paulus: Tropical and subtropical southern Ecuador and western Peru (south to Arequipa)
- S. m. peruanus: Tropical and subtropical central Peru (HuĂˇnuco to Ayacucho and Cuzco)
- S. m. urubambensis: Temperate southern Peru (Cuzco) to northern Chile (TarapacĂˇ)
- S. m. bolivianus: Temperate central and southern Bolivia
- S. m. tucumanus: North West Argentina (Jujuy, Santiago and Santa Fe to Mendoza)
- S. m. santaecrucis: East foothills of Andes of Bolivia (Santa Cruz)
- S. m. alleni: South East Bolivia to Paraguay, north-eastern Argentina and southern Brazil
- S. m. ictericus: South East Brazil (Minas Gerais) to Paraguay and extreme north-eastern Argentina
- S. m. magellanicus: Uruguay and eastern Argentina (southern Corrientes to RĂo Negro)
Woodland, savannas, scrubland, farmland, parks and gardens.
The diet consists mainly of seeds together with buds, leaves and some insects.
- Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
- Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved October 2018)
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