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Hooded Warbler

From Opus

Photo by Skean Plum Island, Newburyport, USA
Photo by Skean
Plum Island, Newburyport, USA
Setophaga citrina

Wilsonia citrina

Contents

[edit] Identification

FemalePhoto by Jones Stanley JonesLafitte’s Cove Nature Preserve, Lafitte’s Cove Subdivision, Galveston, Texas, USA, April 2018
Female
Photo by Jones Stanley Jones
Lafitte’s Cove Nature Preserve, Lafitte’s Cove Subdivision, Galveston, Texas, USA, April 2018

5 1/2" (14 cm).
Olive above, yellow below. Male has yellow face, black hood and black throat.
Female lacks hood or has only a trace of it. Both sexes have white tail spots.

[edit] Similar Species

See Bachman's Warbler.

[edit] Distribution

Eastern United States from central New York and Connecticut south to northern Florida west to eastern Texas north to south Missouri, Illinois and Indiana; scattered populations north of western part of range.

Breeds from Iowa, Michigan, and southern New England south to Gulf Coast and northern Florida. Winters from Mexico south to northern South America.

Accidental vagrant to Great Britain (2 records).

[edit] Taxonomy

First yearPhoto by bobsofpaBoy Scout Woods Sanctuary, High Island, Texas, USA, April 2016
First year
Photo by bobsofpa
Boy Scout Woods Sanctuary, High Island, Texas, USA, April 2016

This is a monotypic species[1].

Formerly placed in genus Wilsonia.

[edit] Habitat

Mature, moist forests with luxuriant undergrowth, especially in ravines; also in wooded swamps.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Action

Both adults have conspicuous white tail spots, which they flash while moving about.

[edit] Diet

This species usually ranges at a low level, rarely 10 feet (3 meters) above the ground. The also feed by hover-gleaning; also gleans in the understorey. Like most members of the family, it is adept at fly-catching.

Their main diet consists of insects and spiders.

[edit] Breeding

Nesting: 3 or 4 creamy-white, brown-spotted eggs in a grass-lined nest of dead leaves and plant fibers, placed low in a small tree or shrub.

[edit] Vocalisation

A loud, penetrating, and very melodious song.
Clear, ringing tawee-tawee-tawee-tee-o.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved August 2016)
  4. BF Member observations

[edit] External Links

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