- Icterus croconotus
23 cm (9 in)
- Orange crown, nape and back
- Blue skin round the yellow eye
- Black wings and tail
- White wing flash
Juvenile has the orange areas cold yellow or yellowish-green.
There are 2 subspecies
- I. c. croconotus:
- I. c. strictifrons:
Forest edge and open woodland, mostly near rivers and lakes, also in clearings and secondary woodland.
Their diet consists of nectar, fruit and insects and small invertebrates.
A pirate that takes over nests from other species of birds.
They are believed to be monogamous and solitary breeders.
- Restall et al. 2006. Birds of Northern South America. Yale University Press. ISBN 9780300124156
- SACC discussion accepting the split into three forms.
- Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
- Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved Dec 2017)
- BirdForum Opus contributors. (2021) Orange-backed Troupial. In: BirdForum, the forum for wild birds and birding. Retrieved 15 May 2021 from https://www.birdforum.net/wiki/Orange-backed_Troupial