• BirdForum is the net's largest birding community dedicated to wild birds and birding, and is absolutely FREE!

    Register for an account to take part in lively discussions in the forum, post your pictures in the gallery and more.

Indian Robin - BirdForum Opus

Adult male
Photo © by drjpmenon
Coimbatore, South India, 15 June, 2020
Copsychus fulicatus

Saxicoloides fulicata


16 cm (6 in); a long tail, generally cocked

  • Blackish overall plumage
  • White shoulder patch
  • Reddish lower belly

Females are dark grey above and paler below


Subspecies cambaiensis : Adult male
Photo © by Rajiv Lather
Karnal, India, December 2006

Males of the northern race S. f. cambaiensis have a grey back and crown.


Asia: found in Pakistan, India and Sri Lanka.


Formerly placed in genus Saxicoloides.


Subspecies cambaiensis : Female
Photo © by ariban
Jaipur, Rajasthan India, 2 June 2010

There are 5 subspecies[1]:

  • C. f. cambaiensis:
  • C. f. erythrurus:
  • North-eastern India (plains of Bihar and West Bengal)
  • C. f. intermedius:
  • Central India (Bombay to Hyderabad and Krishna River)
  • C. f. fulicatus:
  • Southern India (Bombay to Mysore and Kerala)
  • C. f. leucopterus:


Scrub jungle and other open habitats.



Subspecies cambaiensis : Immature
Photo © by Alok Tewari
House garden, Faridabad, Haryana, India, 4 June 2011

The nest in a hole in a wall, tree-stump or bank. The clutch consists of 2-3 creamy-white eggs which rest on a pad of grass lined with feathers or hair. Only the female incubates the eggs.


Their diet consists of insects such as termites, ants, beetles, flies, caterpillars, grasshoppers, bees and wasps as well as their eggs.


Listen in an external program Listen in an external program
Recording © by Alok Tewari
House garden, Faridabad, Haryana, India, May-2013
Call given by female while male responding with sharp whistles. The pair was nesting in the neighborhood garden.
In early spring, males develop a lovely song, heard in the recording below :

Listen in an external program Listen in an external program
Recording © by Alok Tewari
Open countryside, Dist. Gurgaon, Haryana, India, Jan-2017


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, S. M. Billerman, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2019. The eBird/Clements Checklist of Birds of the World: v2019. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Lepage D. (2020) Avibase. Retrieved 7 November 2020
  3. Collar, N. and A. Bonan (2020). Indian Robin (Copsychus fulicatus), version 1.0. In Birds of the World (J. del Hoyo, A. Elliott, J. Sargatal, D. A. Christie, and E. de Juana, Editors). Cornell Lab of Ornithology, Ithaca, NY, USA. https://doi.org/10.2173/bow.indrob1.01
  4. AvianWeb

Recommended Citation

External Links