Indian Roller - BirdForum Opus

Subspecies C. b. benghalensis
Photo © by Mike Barth
Dubai, UAE, August 2010
Coracias benghalensis


30-34cm (11¾-13¼)

  • Brown back
  • Lilac breast and face
  • Blue crown, wings, tail and belly

Sexes are similar
Juvenile is a drabber version of the adult.


Juvenile, nominate subspecies
Photo © by Alok Tewari
Gurgaon Rural, Haryana, India, August-2015
Subspecies benghalensis
Photo © by Dave 2x
Wamm Farms, UAE, December 2016

Middle East and Asia:
Middle East: Arabian Peninsula, Saudi Arabia, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Iraq, Iran
Asia: Afghanistan, China, Tibet
South Asia: Pakistan, India, Eastern Himalayas, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Bhutan
Southeast Asia: Indochina, Myanmar, Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia and Thailand



There are 3 subspecies[1]:

  • C. b. benghalensis:
  • C. b. indicus:
  • C. b. affinis:


Open country, pasture and stubble, plantations and palm groves.



Diet includes large insects, such as grasshoppers, crickets and earwigs, beetles, moths and wasps; also smaller reptiles like lizards and frogs.


Subspecies indicus
Photo © by S K Gudi
Hubli, Karnataka, India, December 2017

They nest in a lined hole in a tree or building, and lays about 3-5 eggs.


  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2017. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017, with updates to August 2017. Downloaded from
  2. TrekNature
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved April 2015)

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