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Sand Lark - BirdForum Opus

(Redirected from Indian Sand Lark)

Alternative name: Indian Short-toed Lark

Photo by Seyed Babak Mus
Near the shore in Soorgalm Creek, Iran
Alaudala raytal

Calandrella raytal

Identification

Ssp. krishnakumarsinhji
Photo by Alok Tewari
Kathiawar Peninsula, India, Jan-2016

12–13 cm (4¾-5 in)

  • Greyish sandy overall plumage
  • Dark brown streaks
  • White underparts, sparsely and indistinctly dark-streaked on the flanks
  • Greyish-white supercilium
  • White cheeks
  • Long slender bill
  • Shortish tail

Distribution

Middle East and Asia:
Middle East: occurs only in Iran
Asia: Tibet, Nepal
South Asia: Pakistan, India, Eastern and Western Himalayas
Southeast Asia: Indochina and Myanmar

Taxonomy

Subspecies

Photo by Shantilal Varu
Kutch, Gujarat, India, June 2014

There are 3 subecies[1]:

  • A. r. raytal:
  • A. r. krishnakumarsinhji:
  • North West India (Kathiawar Peninsula)
  • A. r. adamsi:
  • Coastal north-western India

Habitat

Salt pans, river banks, and river islets, sandy coastal areas.

Behaviour

Displaying
Photo by Shantilal Varu
Bhavnagar, Gujarat, India, April 2014

Diet

There is little detail known about their diet, but it is known to consist of seeds, invertebrates and all snails.

Breeding

Nesting Season: February to May. The nest on the ground forming a cup-shaped depression for the eggs; usually at the base of a shrub. It is lined with grass and hair etc. The clutch consists of two or three eggs which have brown freckles on and yellowis or greyish-white background. They, and the young, are cared for by both adults.

Vocalisation

Listen in an external program Listen in an external program
Recording by Alok Tewari
Pong Dam Lake Wildlife and Bird Sanctuary, India, Jan-2011
Call given by the bird circling overhead, recorded while sitting in a boat during bird-census.

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2016. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2016, with updates to August 2016. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved August 2016)
  4. Wikipedia

Recommended Citation

External Links


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