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Indian Silverbill

From Opus

Alternative names: White-throated Munia, White-throated Silverbill or Warbling Silverbill as well as Euodice malabarica

Photo © by patrick123_2000  Arabian Gulf, March 2005
Photo © by patrick123_2000
Arabian Gulf, March 2005
Euodice malabarica

Lonchura malabarica

Contents

[edit] Identification

11 cm long (4ΒΌ in)
Creamy underside with darker upperside, often displaying dark to black primaries along the lower edge of the folded wing, as well as a dark tail that is often somewhat pointed.
White rump is sometimes visible on the sitting bird, and always visible in flight.
Bill has a dark, curved, upper mandible while the lower mandible is lighter often reflecting.

[edit] Similar Species

This species is very similar to African Silverbill (Lonchura cantans) but differ in showing a white rump (dark in the African species).

[edit] Distribution

ImmaturePhoto © by devendra bhardwajKulish Smiriti Van (Bio-Diversity Forest) Jaipur, India, May 2008
Immature
Photo © by devendra bhardwaj
Kulish Smiriti Van (Bio-Diversity Forest) Jaipur, India, May 2008

Native distribution seems to have been from the Arabian Peninsula through Iran, to India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, and Sikkim.

Populations in Israel and Jordan may have its origin in escaped cage birds, and the same is the case for southern France (e.g., Nice) where the species is considered established, and in Portugal.

[edit] Taxonomy

This is a monotypic species, which is sometimes placed in genus Lonchura[1]. This taxon has previously been considered conspecific with African Silverbill.

[edit] Habitat

Dry open country and cultivated areas, towns and villages.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

The diet includes seeds, especially grass seeds, also sedge, millet and rice. They also eat some small insects.

[edit] Breeding

The nest is a large domed grass structure in a tree. The clutch contains of 4–10 white eggs. They breed throughout the year, often coinciding with the start of the rains.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved May 2018)
  4. Wikipedia

[edit] External Links




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