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Japanese Tit - BirdForum Opus

Photo © by Akimoto
Kanazawa, Japan, 16 October 2012
Parus minor

Identification

12½–14 cm (5-5½ in)
Similar to Great Tit but underparts lack yellow. Also similar to Cinereous Tit but has green, not gray back.

Distribution

From south-eastern Russia to China, Japan, Korea and south to Burma, northern Thailand, northern Laos and northern Vietnam.

Taxonomy

Formerly included in Great Tit, together with Cinereous Tit.

Subspecies

Clements recognizes 9 subspecies:

  • P. m. minor: South-eastern Russia to Japan, Korea, south-western China and eastern Tibet
  • P. m. tibetanus: South-western China to south-eastern Tibet; single record from Sikkim
  • P. m. subtibetanus: Southern China to south-eastern Tibet and north-western Myanmar
  • P. m. nubicolus: South-eastern Myanmar to northern Thailand, northern Laos and extreme western Tonkin
  • P. m. dageletensis: Ullung Island (South Korea)
  • P. m. amamiensis: Northern Ryukyu Islands (Amami-O-Shima and Tokuno-Shima)
  • P. m. okinawae: Central Ryukyu Islands (Okinawa and Yagachi)
  • P. m. nigriloris: Southern Ryukyu Islands (Ishigaki and Iriomote)
  • P. m. commixtus: Southern China (south of the Yangtze) to Hong Kong and eastern Tonkin

Habitat

Behaviour

Breeding

Breeds in all kinds of woodland (incl. in desolate taiga in far north) and in immediate proximity of man in parks and gardens.

Diet

Insects and seeds, suet, beech nuts etc.

References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2018. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2018. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. Avibase
  3. Brazil, M. (2009). Birds of East Asia. Princeton Univ. Press.
  4. Collar, N.J. & Pilgrim, J.D. (2007). Species-level changes proposed for Asian birds, 2005-2006. Birding Asia, 8:14-30.
  5. Gosler, A., Clement, P. & Christie, D.A. (2017). Great Tit (Parus major). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from http://www.hbw.com/node/59900 on 22 June 2017).
  6. Harrap, S. & Quinn. D. (1995) Chickadees, Tits, Nuthatches & Treecreepers. Princeton Univ. Press.
  7. Päckert, M., Martens, J., Eck, S., Nazarenko, A.A., Valchuk, O.P., Petri, B. & Veith, M. (2005) The Great Tit (Parus major) - a misclassified ring species. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 86(2): 153–174.
  8. Päckert, M., & Martens, J. (2008). Taxonomic pitfalls in tits–comments on the Paridae chapter of the Handbook of the Birds of the World. Ibis, 150(4), 829-831.

Recommended Citation

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