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Flame-crested Tanager

From Opus

(Redirected from Lanio cristatus)
Photo © by Xyko PaludoSC, Brazil, October 2018
Photo © by Xyko Paludo
SC, Brazil, October 2018
Tachyphonus cristatus

Contents

[edit] Identification

15 cm (6 in)
The male is mostly black with a broad, flat yellow and orange crest. You can usually see some white at the shoulder and this shows as white under-wings in flight. The rump is buff as is the throat.

[edit] Distribution

South America found from Colombia, Venezuela and The Guianas to Peru and Brazil.

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

Nine subspecies are recognized[1]:

  • T. c. fallax: Southern Colombia (south-eastern Nariño) to eastern Ecuador and north-eastern Peru
  • T. c. cristatellus: Tropical south-eastern Colombia to north-eastern Peru, southern Venezuela and north-western Brazil
  • T. c. huarandosae: Northern Peru (Chinchipe Valley in Río Marañón Valley)
  • T. c. intercedens: Eastern Venezuela (eastern Bolívar), Guyana and Suriname
  • T. c. cristatus: French Guiana and north-eastern Brazil (north of the Amazon)
  • T. c. pallidigula: North-eastern Brazil (eastern Pará and lower Rio Tocantins)
  • T. c. madeirae: Brazil south of the Amazon (Teffe to Rio Xingú and Mato Grosso)
  • T. c. nattereri: South-western Brazil (Mato Grosso)
  • T. c. brunneus: Eastern Brazil (Pernambuco to São Paulo)

[edit] Habitat

Forests and forest borders and clearings, gardens and cocoa farms.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

Their diet consists mainly of arthropods and fruit.

[edit] Breeding

A nest was described as being an open cup in a bush or small palm.

[edit] References

  1. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2016. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2016, with updates to August 2016. Downloaded from http://www.birds.cornell.edu/clementschecklist/download/
  2. arthurgrosset
  3. BF Member observations
  4. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive (retrieved October 2018)

[edit] External Links

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