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Lapland Longspur

From Opus

Alternative name: Lapland Bunting

Adult summer malePhoto by SveinBOppland, Norway.
Adult summer male
Photo by SveinB
Oppland, Norway.
Calcarius lapponicus


[edit] Identification

Length 15.6-17 cm (6¼-6¾ in), weight 23-35 g

  • Thick yellow bill with dark tip
  • Legs usually dark brown
  • Black head and throat in summer male; orange-brown in female and winter male
  • White eyestripe in summer male; buff in female and winter male
  • Chestnut nape (duller in winter and juveniles)
Female or immaturePhoto by RapalaWhitefish Point, Michigan; September 2013.
Female or immature
Photo by Rapala
Whitefish Point, Michigan; September 2013.
  • Greater coverts on wing chestnut with pale tips forming a chestnut panel and weak whitish wingbar
  • White underparts
  • Heavily streaked, brown-black-grey back

[edit] Distribution

Arctic Europe, Asia, and North America, breeding on tundra and wintering further south on coasts, steppes and open grassland, including stubble fields.

[edit] Taxonomy

[edit] Subspecies

Spring plumagePhoto by maliBlakeney, Norfolk, March/April 2016
Spring plumage
Photo by mali
Blakeney, Norfolk, March/April 2016

This is a polytypic species consisting of 3 subspecies[1]:

  • C. l. lapponicus:
  • Breeds northern Canada (except far north-west), northern Europe, northern Asia (except far north-east).
  • C. l. coloratus: Darker and slightly larger than nominate.
  • Breeds far north-eastern Asia (Kamchatka and nearby areas).
  • C. l. alascensis: Paler than nominate.
  • Breeds northern and western Alaska, far north-western Canada.

[edit] Habitat

[edit] Breeding

Wet areas with birch or willow, and or bare mountains.

[edit] Non-breeding

Open grassland or cultivated land or coasts; avoids shrubs and trees.

[edit] Behaviour

[edit] Diet

Includes insects when feeding young, and otherwise seeds.

[edit] Breeding

The nest is on the ground. The clutch consists of 2-4 eggs.

[edit] Vocalisation

The most common flight call is a hard prrrrt usually preceded by a more nasal teeww.
When breeding, it also makes a softer duyyeee followed by a pause and a triiiuuu; both sounds alternate.

Listen in an external program

[edit] References

  1. Del Hoyo, J, A Elliott, and D Christie, eds. 2011. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 16: Tanagers to New World Blackbirds. Barcelona: Lynx Edicions. ISBN 978-8496553781
  2. Clements, J. F., T. S. Schulenberg, M. J. Iliff, D. Roberson, T. A. Fredericks, B. L. Sullivan, and C. L. Wood. 2016. The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2016, with updates to August 2016. Downloaded from
  3. Gill, F and D Donsker (Eds). 2014. IOC World Bird Names (version 4.3). Available at
  4. Absolute Astronomy

[edit] External Links


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